A Concise History of Outdoor Water Fountains

angel cherub__67925.original.jpg Towns and villages depended on functional water fountains to conduct water for preparing food, bathing, and cleaning from local sources like ponds, channels, or springs. In the years before electricity, the spray of fountains was driven by gravity only, often using an aqueduct or water source located far away in the nearby hills. Frequently used as memorials and commemorative edifices, water fountains have impressed people from all over the world all through the ages. If you saw the 1st fountains, you probably would not recognize them as fountains. The first accepted water fountain was a natural stone basin carved that served as a receptacle for drinking water and ceremonial purposes. 2000 BC is when the oldest known stone fountain basins were originally used. The spraying of water emerging from small spouts was forced by gravity, the lone power source designers had in those days. Drinking water was provided by public fountains, long before fountains became ornate public monuments, as attractive as they are practical. The people of Rome began building ornate fountains in 6 BC, most of which were bronze or natural stone masks of wildlife and mythological heroes. A well-engineered system of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public water fountains supplied with fresh water.

The Importance of Fountains in Japanese Landscapes

A water element is an absolutely vital part of any Japanese garden. Since Japanese water fountains are seen as emblematic of physical and spiritual cleansing, they are often positioned in the doorway of buildings or shrines. Since water is meant to be the focal point of a fountain, you will notice that the designs are kept very simple.

Moreover, water fountains with bamboo spouts are very common. The water passes through the bamboo spout and accumulates in the stone basin below. It must have a worn-down, weathered appearance as well. It is important that the overall look of the fountain fits in with the natural environment, so people typically place plants, rocks, and flowers around it. As you can perhaps surmise, this fountain is symbolic rather than just decorative.

If you are hoping for another sort of look and feel, you can also get a fountain crafted of stone, place it in a bed of gravel, and decorate it with natural stones and live bamboo. In time, as moss slowly covers the stones, it becomes even more natural-looking.

If you are lucky enough to have a big piece of open land you can create a water feature that is much more elaborate. Popular water feature enhancements are a koi pond or any sort of tiny pool, or even a meandering brook.

There are alternative options if you do not want to put water in your Japanese fountain. Good options include stones, gravel, or sand to represent water. The semblance of a creek with moving water can also be achieved by putting flat stones very closely together.

Early Crete & The Minoans: Water Fountains

On the Greek island of Crete, digs have unearthed channels of numerous types. In conjunction with supplying water, they dispersed water that accumulated from storms or waste. Most were created from clay or rock. There were clay pipelines, both circular and rectangle-shaped as well as waterways made from the same components. Among these were clay piping that were U shaped or a shortened, cone-like shape which have only showed up in Minoan culture. Terracotta pipes were used to administer water at Knossos Palace, running up to three meters under the floors. Along with disbursing water, the clay pipes of the Minoans were also utilized to collect water and store it. Hence, these pipelines had to be able to: Underground Water Transportation: This system’s hidden nature might mean that it was primarily planned for some type of ritual or to circulate water to limited groups. Quality Water Transportation: The pipes may also have been used to take water to fountains that were split from the city’s standard process.


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