Outdoor Garden Fountains And Their Use In Crete & Minoa

4503_7408__31697.jpg Various types of conduits have been uncovered through archaeological digs on the isle of Crete, the birthplace of Minoan civilization. These provided water and eliminated it, including water from waste and storms. Most were created from clay or even stone. When made from terracotta, they were typically in the format of canals and round or rectangular conduits. Amidst these were clay pipes that were U-shaped or a shortened, cone-like shape which have just appeared in Minoan society. Terracotta conduits were employed to circulate water at Knossos Palace, running up to three meters under the floor surfaces. These Minoan pipelines were also used for amassing and storing water, not just distribution. This called for the terracotta pipes to be capable of holding water without leaking. Below ground Water Transportation: At first this technique appears to have been fashioned not quite for comfort but to give water for chosen individuals or rituals without it being seen. Quality Water Transportation: Many historians feel that these pipelines were employed to make a different distribution system for the residence.

A Magnificent Example of Roman Expertise: The Santa Maria in Cosmedin Fountain

Archaeologists and restorers on the lookout for pagan and Christian artifacts in Rome have come upon a wealth of them in the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin. The nearby basilica is mainly for the marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità, (Mouth of Truth) located in its entryway. Built in 1719, the Santa Maria in Cosmedin water fountain was relatively unknown and situated far from sight making it difficult to visit. For the most part, visitors stayed away from the area because it was a bleak and desolate part of the city. It was a this time that Pope Clement XI commissioned the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri to put up a fountain to refurbish the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin.

The job of laying down the church’s first stones started on August 17, 1717. The first stone to be placed in the foundation was blessed and medallions bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were also tossed in.

The Globe's Most Amazing Water Elements

The King Fahd Fountain (built in 1985) in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, has the tallest continually -running fountain on the planet. Reaching incredible heights above the Red Sea, this fountain propels water 260 meters (853 feet) in the air.

The World Cup Fountain located in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), comes in 2nd place with water shooting up 202 meters (663 feet).

Next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri, is the Gateway Geyser (1995) which reaches third place. This fountain is regarded as the tallest in the U.S. with water reaching up to 192 meters (630 feet).

Next is the fountain located in Karachi, Pakistan (Port Fountain) which jets water up to 190 meters (620 feet) in height.

Number 4: Fountain Park (1970), Fountain Hills, Arizona - although it can reach heights of 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are in use, it only reaches 91 meters (300 feet) on a normal day.

The Dubai Fountain, opened to the public in 2009, is located near the Burj Khalifa, the world’s tallest building. It dances to pre-recorded music every half hour and propels water to the height of 73 meters (240 feet) - it also has extreme shooters which reach 150 meters (490 feet), though these are only used on special occasions.

Making it in the top 8 is the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra (1970) which measures 147 meters (482 feet).

Last of all is the Jet d’Eau (1951) in Geneva, Switzerland, which measures 140 meters (460 feet).


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