Fountains And Their Use In The Minoan Civilization

A variety of kinds of conduits have been uncovered through archaeological digs on the island of Crete, the cradle of Minoan civilization. p-733__78718.jpg These were utilized to supply towns and cities with water as well as to lessen flooding and eliminate waste. They were for the most part constructed from clay or stone. There were terracotta pipes, both circular and rectangular as well as waterways made from the same elements. The cone-like and U-shaped clay piping which were found haven’t been detected in any other civilization. Terracotta pipelines were installed underneath the floor surfaces at Knossos Palace and used to circulate water. These Minoan water lines were also made use of for collecting and stocking water, not just distribution. These clay pipelines were needed to perform: Below ground Water Transportation: This system’s unseen nature might mean that it was originally planned for some sort of ritual or to distribute water to limited communities. Quality Water Transportation: Some scholars believe that these water lines were employed to generate a separate distribution process for the residence.

The Wondrous Santa Maria in Cosmedin Fountain in Rome

Amazing finds of both Christian and pagan roots have been made by archaeologists and restorers in the area around Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The well-known marble sculpture called the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth) is located in the portico of the basilica nearby. When the Santa Maria in Cosmedin water fountain was constructed in 1719, it was off the beaten track and mostly unknown as a result.

It was said that there was nothing worth seeing in this area, as it was bleak and abandoned making it an unfriendly place to visit. In order to refurbish the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, Pope Clement XI commissioned an Italian architect by the name of Carlo Bizzaccheri to put up a water fountain for the area. The job of laying down the church’s foundation began on August 17, 1717. The first stone to be placed in the foundation was consecrated and medallions bearing the illustrations of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were also tossed in.

Explore the World’s Most Incredible Water Works

Jeddah, Saudi Arabia has the highest continuously- running fountain known as the King Fahd Fountain (1985). It propels water reaching 260 meters (853 feet) above the Red Sea.

Coming in second is the World Cup Fountain located in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002) with water shooting 202 meters (663 feet).

Located next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri, is third placed Gateway Geyser (1995). With water reaching 192 meters (630 feet) in the air, this water fountain is the tallest in the United States.

Next is the fountain located in Karachi, Pakistan (Port Fountain) which jets water up to 190 meters (620 feet) in height.

Number 4: On a typical day the water is limited to 91 meters (300 feet) at the Fountain Park feature in Fountain Hills, Arizona, but it is capable of propelling water up to 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are operating.

The Dubai Fountain was opened in 2009 near to Burj Khalifa - the world's tallest building. It dances to pre-recorded music every half hour and propels water to the height of 73 meters (240 feet) - it also has extreme shooters which reach 150 meters (490 feet), though these are only used on special occasions.

Making it in the top 8 is the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra (1970) which measures 147 meters (482 feet).

Lastly is the Jet d’Eau (1951) in Geneva, Switzerland, which measures 140 meters (460 feet).


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