Fountains And Their Use In Ancient Minoa

On the Greek island of Crete, digs have unearthed channels of several types. These furnished water and extracted it, including water from waste and storms. They were commonly made from clay or stone. 8415_0804__83234.jpg There were clay pipelines, both circular and rectangle-shaped as well as waterways made from the same material. The cone-like and U-shaped terracotta conduits which were found haven’t been detected in any other society. The water provision at Knossos Palace was managed with a strategy of clay pipes that was placed beneath the floor, at depths going from a couple of centimeters to several meters. The water pipes also had other functions such as gathering water and diverting it to a centralized site for storage. Therefore, these conduits had to be ready to: Below ground Water Transportation: Originally this particular system appears to have been fashioned not quite for convenience but to offer water for certain individuals or rites without it being observed. Quality Water Transportation: There is also evidence that indicates the piping being made use of to provide for water fountains independently from the local strategy.

The First Outdoor Fountains recorded in Human History.

Towns and communities relied on working water fountains to channel water for preparing food, washing, and cleaning from nearby sources like ponds, channels, or creeks. In the years before electrical power, the spray of fountains was powered by gravity only, usually using an aqueduct or water resource located far away in the nearby mountains. Commonly used as memorials and commemorative edifices, water fountains have impressed travelers from all over the world throughout the centuries. Simple in style, the first water fountains did not look much like contemporary fountains. The 1st known water fountain was a rock basin created that served as a receptacle for drinking water and ceremonial purposes.

The earliest stone basins are believed to be from about 2000 B.C.. The very first civilizations that utilized fountains relied on gravity to push water through spigots. These historic water fountains were created to be functional, frequently situated along reservoirs, streams and waterways to supply drinking water. Fountains with ornate decoration started to appear in Rome in approximately 6 BC, usually gods and animals, made with natural stone or bronze. A well-engineered collection of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public water fountains supplied with fresh water.

The World’s Tallest Water Features

Located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, the King Fahd Fountain (1985) is the tallest continually-functioning fountain in the world. The water here jets up to a height of 260 meters (853 feet) above the Red Sea.

The Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), comes in second with water heights of 202 meters (663 feet).

Next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri, is the Gateway Geyser (1995) which reaches third place. Considered the highest fountain in the United States, it propels water 192 meters (630 feet) into the sky.

The next on the list is Port Fountain located in Karachi, Pakistan which shoots water 190 meters (620 feet) into the sky.

Number 4: On a typical day the water is limited to 91 meters (300 feet) at the Fountain Park feature in Fountain Hills, Arizona, but it is capable of pushing water up to 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are functioning.

The Dubai Fountain, opened to the public in 2009, is located near the Burj Khalifa, the world’s tallest building. Once every 1/2 hour, this fountain begins dancing to pre-recorded songs while shooting water 73 meters (240 feet) high. It also has extreme shooters, rarely used, which go as high as 150 meters (490 feet).

Number 7 is the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra, completed in 1970, launching water 147 meters (482 feet) high.

And finally we have the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951) which measures 140 meters (460 feet) in height.


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