A Short History of Public Water Fountains

Water fountains were at first practical in function, used to convey water from canals or creeks to cities and hamlets, providing the inhabitants with clean water to drink, wash, and cook with. A source of water higher in elevation than the fountain was needed to pressurize the flow and send water squirting from the fountain's spout, a system without equal until the later half of the nineteenth century. The beauty and spectacle of fountains make them ideal for historical memorials. angel cherub__67925.original.jpg If you saw the earliest fountains, you wouldn't recognize them as fountains. A natural stone basin, carved from rock, was the first fountain, used for holding water for drinking and ceremonial functions. The initial stone basins are thought to be from about 2000 BC. Early fountains put to use in ancient civilizations relied on gravity to regulate the circulation of water through the fountain. These historic fountains were designed to be functional, often situated along aqueducts, streams and rivers to furnish drinking water. The Romans began building elaborate fountains in 6 B.C., most of which were metallic or natural stone masks of wildlife and mythological characters. The extraordinary aqueducts of Rome furnished water to the spectacular public fountains, many of which you can go see today.

Visit the World’s Most Incredible Water Features

Jeddah, Saudi Arabia has the leading continuously- running water fountain known as the King Fahd Fountain (1985). The water reaches the amazing height of 260 meters (853 feet) over the Red Sea.

The World Cup Fountain located in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), comes in 2nd place with water jetting up 202 meters (663 feet).

Located next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri, is 3rd placed Gateway Geyser (1995). This fountain is considered the tallest in the U.S. with water reaching up to 192 meters (630 feet).

The next on the list is Port Fountain located in Karachi, Pakistan which rockets water 190 meters (620 feet) into the heavens.

Number 4 is Water at Fountain Park (1970) situated in Fountain Hills, Arizona - it can attain up to 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are running, even though it normally only hits up to 91 meters (300 feet).

The Dubai Fountain, opened to the public in 2009, is located next to the Burj Khalifa, the world’s tallest building. It dances to pre-recorded music every half hour and propels water to the height of 73 meters (240 feet) - it also has extreme shooters which reach 150 meters (490 feet), though these are only used on special occasions.

Constructed in 1970, the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra, Australia, comes in at number 7 shooting water up to 147 meters (482 feet).

And finally comes the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951) which measures 140 meters (460 feet) in height.

Historic Crete & The Minoans: Water Features

Archaeological excavations in Minoan Crete in Greece have discovered a number of sorts of conduits. They not solely aided with the water supplies, they extracted rainwater and wastewater as well. The chief materials used were stone or terracotta. There were terracotta conduits, both round and rectangle-shaped as well as canals made from the same elements. Amidst these were terracotta pipes that were U-shaped or a shortened, cone-like form which have just showed up in Minoan society. Knossos Palace had a advanced plumbing network made of terracotta piping which ran up to three meters under ground. The water pipes also had other applications such as amassing water and conveying it to a primary location for storage. These terracotta pipelines were required to perform: Subterranean Water Transportation: It’s not really known why the Minoans needed to transport water without it being enjoyed. Quality Water Transportation: Many historians think that these pipes were utilized to build a separate distribution technique for the palace.


Ancient Crete & The Minoans: Fountains
During archaeological digs on the island of Crete, various varieties of channels have been uncovered. In conjunction with delivering water, they spread out water that... read more
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Do not forget to add plants and flowers, as they have an significant impact on the charm of a water fountain. Look for plant types that flourish year-round. Your fountain can be made... read more