Early Crete & The Minoans: Wall Fountains

p-576__72962.jpg Archaeological excavations in Minoan Crete in Greece have exposed a number of varieties of conduits. These delivered water and eliminated it, including water from waste and storms. Rock and terracotta were the materials of choice for these conduits. Whenever terracotta was used, it was frequently for canals as well as water pipes which came in rectangular or spherical forms. The cone-like and U-shaped terracotta pipelines that were found have not been found in any other civilization. Terracotta piping were installed beneath the floors at Knossos Palace and utilized to move water. These Minoan pipelines were also made use of for gathering and stocking water, not just circulation. To make this feasible, the pipes had to be fashioned to handle: Underground Water Transportation: This system’s unseen nature may mean that it was initially created for some sort of ritual or to allocate water to limited groups. Quality Water Transportation: Some scholars consider that these water lines were used to create a different distribution technique for the castle.

Tall Water Wonders Across the World

Referred to as the King Fahd Fountain (1985) located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, it is the highest continuously operating fountain in the world. The water here jets up to a height of 260 meters (853 feet) above the Red Sea.

The World Cup Fountain located in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), comes in 2nd place with water jetting up 202 meters (663 feet).

Occupying third place is the Gateway Geyser (1995), situated near the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri. With water reaching 192 meters (630 feet) in the air, this fountain is the tallest in the U.S..

With water jetting 190 meters (620 feet) in the air, the Port Fountain in Karachi, Pakistan makes the list.

Number 4: On a typical day the water is limited to 91 meters (300 feet) at the Fountain Park feature in Fountain Hills, Arizona, but it is capable of pushing water up to 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are operating.

The Dubai Fountain which made its debut in 2009 is situated next to highest building worldwide, the famous Burj Khalifa. It performs every 1/2 hour to previously recorded music and propels water up to 73 meters (240 feet) in height -it also has built in extreme shooters, though only used during special events, which reach 150 meters (490 feet) in height.

Built in 1970, the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra, Australia, comes in at number 7 shooting water up to 147 meters (482 feet).

And finally we have the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951) which measures 140 meters (460 feet) in height.

The Earliest Public Fountains

Water fountains were initially practical in function, used to convey water from canals or creeks to cities and hamlets, supplying the inhabitants with fresh water to drink, wash, and cook with. A source of water higher in elevation than the fountain was needed to pressurize the movement and send water squirting from the fountain's spout, a technology without equal until the late 19th century. Frequently used as monuments and commemorative structures, water fountains have impressed travelers from all over the world all through the ages. If you saw the first fountains, you wouldn't identify them as fountains. Uncomplicated stone basins sculpted from nearby stone were the very first fountains, used for religious purposes and drinking water. 2,000 B.C. is when the oldest identified stone fountain basins were actually used. Early fountains used in ancient civilizations relied on gravity to regulate the flow of water through the fountain. These historic water fountains were built to be functional, frequently situated along reservoirs, creeks and waterways to provide drinking water. The people of Rome began creating decorative fountains in 6 B.C., most of which were metallic or stone masks of animals and mythological representations. The City of Rome had an elaborate system of aqueducts that delivered the water for the many fountains that were placed throughout the community.

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