The World’s Most Splendid Fountains

The King Fahd Fountain (built in 1985) in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, has the tallest continually -running fountain on the planet. 50025coqn__08059.jpg It spouts out water reaching 260 meters (853 feet) above the Red Sea.

The Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), comes in second with water heights of 202 meters (663 feet).

Next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri, is the Gateway Geyser (1995) which comes in third place. Regarded as the tallest fountain in the United States, it propels water 192 meters (630 feet) into the sky.

Next is the fountain located in Karachi, Pakistan (Port Fountain) which jets water up to 190 meters (620 feet) in height.

Fountain Park in Fountain Hills, Arizona is number 4: it can jet water 171 meters (561 feet) high when the three pumps function at full capacity, it is usually limited to 91 meters (300 feet).

The Dubai Fountain was opened in 2009 next to Burj Khalifa - the world's highest building. Once every half hour, this fountain begins dancing to pre-recorded musical themes while shooting water 73 meters (240 feet) high. It also has extreme shooters, rarely used, which go as high as 150 meters (490 feet).

Number 7 is the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra, completed in 1970, launching water 147 meters (482 feet) high.

And finally comes the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951) which measures 140 meters (460 feet) in height.

A True Roman Wonder: The Santa Maria Water Fountain in Cosmedin

Archaeologists and restorers on the lookout for pagan and Christian artifacts in Rome have come across an abundance of them in the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin. Found in the portico of the nearby basilica one can see the famous marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth). The situation of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was not in a well-known neighborhood and was, therefore, not frequently visited. The part of town where it was situated was forlorn and bleak which generally kept people away. In order to refurbish the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, Pope Clement XI commissioned an Italian architect by the name of Carlo Bizzaccheri to design a water fountain for the area. The job of laying down the church’s first stones started on August 17, 1717. The first stone to be placed in the foundation was blessed and medals bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were also thrown in.

Wall Fountains: The Minoan Civilization

Fountains and Water and the Minoan Civilization Along with providing water, they distributed water which gathered from deluges or waste material. The chief components employed were rock or clay. When terracotta was utilized, it was normally for channels as well as conduits which came in rectangle-shaped or round patterns. There are a couple of good examples of Minoan terracotta piping, those with a shortened cone form and a U-shape that have not been seen in any civilization since. The water availability at Knossos Palace was handled with a system of terracotta pipes which was located below the floor, at depths starting from a couple of centimeters to many meters. The clay water lines were also used for accumulating and holding water. In order to make this feasible, the pipelines had to be fashioned to handle: Below ground Water Transportation: This particular system’s unseen nature may mean that it was initially developed for some sort of ritual or to distribute water to limited groups. Quality Water Transportation: Some scholars think that these pipelines were utilized to make a separate distribution process for the castle.


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