The Spectacular Santa Maria in Cosmedin Water Fountain in Rome

Both Christian and pagan articles have been found in large quantities by archaeologists and restorers scouring the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The nearby basilica is mainly renowned for the marble sculpture known as the Bocca della VeritĂ , (Mouth of Truth) located in its entryway. Built in 1719, the Santa Maria in Cosmedin water fountain was relatively unknown and situated far from sight making it hard to visit. For the most part, people stayed away from the area because it was a sad and deserted part of the city. It was a this time that Pope Clement XI mandated the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri to put up a water fountain to refurbish the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin. b-026__96292.jpg August 11, 1717 saw the beginning of the work to lay down the foundation of the church. Medallions bearing the imagery of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were thrown in the foundation following the consecration of the first stone.

The World’s Tallest Water Elements

Jeddah, Saudi Arabia has the leading continuously- running water fountain known as the King Fahd Fountain (1985). The water reaches the amazing height of 260 meters (853 feet) over the Red Sea.

Reaching water levels of 202 meters (663 feet), the World Cup Fountain in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), is recognized as the second highest worldwide.

Occupying third place is the Gateway Geyser (1995), located close to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri. Considered the highest fountain in the United States, it jets water 192 meters (630 feet) into the sky.

With water jetting 190 meters (620 feet) in the air, the Port Fountain in Karachi, Pakistan makes the list.

Number 4: Fountain Park (1970), Fountain Hills, Arizona - although it can reach heights of 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are in use, it only reaches 91 meters (300 feet) on a normal day.

The Dubai Fountain opened in 2009 next to Burj Khalifa - the world's tallest building. The fountain shoots water up to 73 meters (240 feet) and performs once every half hour to pre-recorded music - and even has extreme shooters, not used in every show, which reach up to 150 meters (490 feet).

Number 7 is the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra, completed in 1970, propelling water 147 meters (482 feet) high.

And at #8, we have the the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951), measuring 140 meters (460 feet).

The Earliest Outdoor Water Features

Towns and villages depended on working water fountains to channel water for preparing food, bathing, and cleaning up from nearby sources like lakes, streams, or creeks. A source of water higher in elevation than the fountain was necessary to pressurize the flow and send water spraying from the fountain's spout, a technology without equal until the later half of the nineteenth century. Inspirational and impressive, prominent water fountains have been built as monuments in most civilizations. If you saw the very first fountains, you would not identify them as fountains. The first accepted water fountain was a natural stone basin created that was used as a receptacle for drinking water and ceremonial functions.

Natural stone basins as fountains have been recovered from 2000 B.C.. The first civilizations that made use of fountains depended on gravity to force water through spigots. Drinking water was delivered by public fountains, long before fountains became decorative public statues, as pretty as they are functional. Animals, Gods, and religious figures dominated the initial ornate Roman fountains, starting to show up in about 6 B.C.. Water for the public fountains of Rome was delivered to the city via a intricate system of water aqueducts.


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