A Genuine Roman Wonder: The Santa Maria Water Fountain in Cosmedin

Remarkable discoveries of both Christian and pagan origin have been made by archaeologists and restorers in the area around Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. Situated in the portico of the nearby basilica one can see the acclaimed marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth). p-442__48295.jpg When the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain was created in 1719, it was off the beaten track and generally unknown as a result. Since the nearby area was gloomy and mostly uninhabited, people were not particularly interested in visiting it. It was a this time that Pope Clement XI commissioned the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri to put up a water fountain to renovate the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin. August 11, 1717 saw the beginning of the task to lay down the foundation of the church. After blessing of the first stone, medals with the illustration of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were tossed into the foundation.

Fountains And Their Use In The Minoan Civilization

Various types and designs of conduits have been unveiled through archaeological excavations on the isle of Crete, the cradle of Minoan civilization. These were applied to provide towns and cities with water as well as to alleviate flooding and get rid of waste. The principle components employed were rock or terracotta. When made from clay, they were typically in the format of canals and round or rectangular pipes. There are a couple of good examples of Minoan terracotta piping, those with a shortened cone form and a U-shape which have not been seen in any civilization ever since. Terracotta pipelines were laid beneath the flooring at Knossos Palace and used to circulate water. The water pipes also had other functions such as amassing water and diverting it to a central location for storage. To make this feasible, the piping had to be created to handle: Subterranean Water Transportation: It’s not really known why the Minoans wanted to transport water without it being seen. Quality Water Transportation: Considering the proof, a number of historians advocate that these pipelines were not attached to the common water allocation system, offering the palace with water from a various source.

A Concise History of Outdoor Water Features

Water fountains were originally practical in purpose, used to deliver water from rivers or springs to cities and villages, providing the residents with fresh water to drink, bathe, and prepare food with. In the years before electricity, the spray of fountains was powered by gravity only, usually using an aqueduct or water resource located far away in the nearby mountains. Inspirational and impressive, large water fountains have been constructed as memorials in many cultures. The common fountains of modern times bear little likeness to the very first water fountains. Created for drinking water and ceremonial functions, the first fountains were simple carved stone basins. The first stone basins are thought to be from about 2000 B.C.. The jet of water appearing from small jets was forced by gravity, the lone power source designers had in those days. The placement of the fountains was driven by the water source, which is why you’ll usually find them along reservoirs, waterways, or rivers. Fountains with ornamental Gods, mythological beasts, and animals began to appear in Rome in about 6 BC, built from stone and bronze. Water for the community fountains of Rome arrived to the city via a elaborate system of water aqueducts.

Outdoor Garden Fountains And Their Use In Minoa
Archaeological excavations in Minoan Crete in Greece have exposed several varieties of conduits. In conjunction with delivering water, they dispersed water which amassed from deluges or waste. The principle components utilized were stone or clay. Whenever... read more
The First Fountains
The water from springs and other sources was initially delivered to the citizens of nearby communities and cities by way of water fountains, whose design was largely practical, not aesthetic. A supply of water... read more
The Original Public Water Fountains
The water from creeks and other sources was initially delivered to the occupants of nearby communities and cities via water fountains, whose purpose was primarily practical, not artistic. To generate water... read more
The First Public Fountains recorded in Human History.
As initially conceived, water fountains were crafted to be practical, directing water from creeks or aqueducts to the inhabitants of cities and settlements, where the water could be used for cooking, cleaning, and drinking. In the days... read more