An Absolute Roman Masterpiece: The Santa Maria Fountain in Cosmedin

Amazing discoveries of both Christian and pagan origin have been made by archaeologists and restorers in the area of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. fcl124__80023.jpg Found in the portico of the nearby basilica one can see the celebrated marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth). Due to the fact that the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was located off the beaten track, it remained relatively obscure. For the most part, people stayed away from the area because it was a sad and neglected part of the city. It was then that the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was mandated by Pope Clement XI to erect a water fountain in the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in an effort to make the area more popular. August 11, 1717 saw the start of the work to lay down the foundation of the church. Medallions bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were thrown in the foundation following the consecration of the first stone.

Exterior Fountains Come in Many Shapes and Sizes

Have you ever considered turning your garden into a haven of tranquility? Integrating a fountain into your yard provides tranquility as well as a variety of beneficial effects that come with having a water feature.

Sending a stream of water straight into the air, spouting fountains create a striking impression. Sizable, preexisting ponds can easily be fitted with one of these. You may have encountered one of these in a park or an old mansion.

Wall fountains are an excellent example of outdoor wall features. These types of water features make for a fantastic addition to your yard even if it is small. Whereas spouting fountains leave behind an impressive effect, wall fountains are more understated water features. In this straightforward process, water is ejected from a little spout, flows down a beautifully textured wall, before being received at the bottom and returned to the top once again.

Your garden’s style dictates whether a themed fountain is suitable for you. Consider a classic type of statue, such as a cherub supporting a spout, for the fountain if your residence or garden is rustic in style. Consider installing something bolder and unique for a modern-day garden. Feel free to let your hair down and go with something interesting and intrepid.

Water spills down multiple levels in a tiered fountain. Water moves down multiple tiers in a cascading fountain.

Due to the fact that outdoor fountains can take up a lot of space, hang a wall fountain or a pondless fountain if the space you have is minimal. These types of water features are suitable for an area with limited space because their reservoirs are hidden underground.

Include a Japanese fountain if you are looking for a feeling of tranquility. In this style of water feature the water runs through bamboo sticks. The repetition of water flowing into a bucket or shaped stone is one of the main characteristics of this sort of fountain.

An additional style of fountain is made of glass. Trellis-style fountains of this sort, feature shaped metalwork which provides a more conventional look. Gardens with numerous sharp edges as well as contemporary shapes and designs are better for these sorts of water features. As the water streams over the top of the glass it produces a dazzling effect. In some cases, the water is colored by LED lights as it flows over the glass panels. A rock waterfall fountain (often made of imitation rock) showcases water gently flowing down its façade.

The feature which distinguishes a bubbling rock fountain is a large rock drilled with holes where pipes can be inserted into its center. In this type of fountain, water is pushed upwards at low pressure to cause it to bubble and gurgle at the top. Water then flows as a slow trickle down the sides of the rock to its base. This is yet another solution for gardens with restricted space. Water is moved at low pressure in this kind of fountain, so you can be assured knowing that it will not spray all over should the wind pick up.

Solar powered fountains have become more fashionable recently because they run on sunlight. The lack of cables, the decreased hassle in dealing with them, the lower energy bills, and the benefits to our ecosystem are just some of the motives for this increased interest. Outdoor solar-powered fountains are available in countless different styles, therefore, you will not have to compromise on which one to buy.

The Roman Water Fountains of Michelangelo

Two Florentine artists by the names of Michelangelo and Ammannati created the first Roman wall fountains during the 16th century. The fountain in the Piazza del Campidoglio in Rome, which was finalized in 1536 and became part of the façade of the Palazzo Senatorio, was Michelangelo’s first creation. The development of a conduit from the Aqua Felice to the Capitol, which allowed for a more impressive water display, was included years later. Michelangelo had anticipated this, however, and added a bigger basin styled on the art of the late Cinquecento.

Was the reknowned maestro the first to create wall fountains? The sculptor’s designs definitely shaped the future style of fountains in Italy. Today, this structural style is found at the Fountain of the River Gods at the Villa Lante, Bagnaia 1, and the Fountain of the Mugnone arranged among the stairs on the main axis of the Villa Pratolino.

Rather than creating fountains based on his own genius, Michelangelo was fated to integrating traditional elements into Roman-styled structures. Julius III (1550-1555) decided to have a fountain erected at the top of the Belvedere in the Vatican and commissioned the Florentine artist to design a special wall fountain. A marble figure of Moses striking a stone streaming water was to be built as decoration for the fountain. Rather than building the Moses statue, which would take too much time to finish, an antique figure of Cleopatra was used in its place, however. Completing a new design by the renown sculptor was thought to be more complicated than placing an ancient figure above the fountain.


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