The First Water Garden Fountains recorded in Human History.

Towns and communities relied on functional water fountains to channel water for preparing food, washing, and cleaning up from local sources like lakes, channels, or creeks. The force of gravity was the power supply of water fountains up until the end of the 19th century, using the potent power of water traveling downhill from a spring or creek to force the water through valves or other outlets. The splendor and wonder of fountains make them perfect for historical memorials. Rough in style, the first water fountains didn't appear much like modern-day fountains. A stone basin, carved from rock, was the very first fountain, used for holding water for drinking and ceremonial functions. fcl108__67214.jpg Stone basins are theorized to have been first used around 2000 BC. The force of gravity was the power source that operated the oldest water fountains. The placement of the fountains was determined by the water source, which is why you’ll normally find them along reservoirs, canals, or rivers. Fountains with ornamental Gods, mythological monsters, and animals began to appear in Rome in about 6 BC, crafted from natural stone and bronze. The people of Rome had an intricate system of aqueducts that delivered the water for the countless fountains that were situated throughout the urban center.

The Wondrous Santa Maria in Cosmedin Water Fountain in Rome

Remarkable discoveries of both Christian and pagan roots have been made by archaeologists and restorers in the area around Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The famed marble sculpture called the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth) can be seen in the portico of the basilica nearby. Built in 1719, the Santa Maria in Cosmedin water fountain was relatively unknown and located far from sight making it difficult to visit. It was said that there was nothing worth seeing in this area, as it was bleak and abandoned making it an unfriendly place to visit.

It was a this time that Pope Clement XI commissioned the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri to put up a fountain to renovate the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin. August 11, 1717 marked the date when construction on the church’s infrastructure commenced. The blessing of the first stone to be placed in the foundation was followed by medals being tossed in bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water.

Water Features: The Minoan Culture

Various types and designs of conduits have been uncovered through archaeological digs on the isle of Crete, the cradle of Minoan society. They not only helped with the water supplies, they eliminated rainwater and wastewater as well. They were for the most part created from clay or rock. When made from clay, they were typically in the form of canals and round or rectangular pipes. The cone-like and U-shaped clay piping which were discovered have not been found in any other culture. Terracotta piping were laid below the flooring at Knossos Palace and used to circulate water. Along with distributing water, the clay pipes of the Minoans were also used to amass water and store it. This required the clay piping to be suitable for holding water without seepage. Underground Water Transportation: At first this particular technique appears to have been created not quite for comfort but to give water to certain individuals or rituals without it being observed. Quality Water Transportation: The pipelines could furthermore have been utilized to move water to water fountains that were different from the city’s standard technique.

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