Outdoor Fountains And Their Use In Crete & Minoa

On the Greek island of Crete, excavations have discovered conduits of multiple varieties. p_476_1__47368.jpg They were used for water supply as well as removal of storm water and wastewater. They were typically made from clay or stone. There were terracotta pipes, both round and rectangular as well as pathways made from the same material. The cone-like and U-shaped clay piping that were found have not been seen in any other culture. The water supply at Knossos Palace was handled with a strategy of terracotta piping which was placed beneath the floor, at depths starting from a few centimeters to many meters. The clay water lines were additionally utilized for gathering and holding water. Thus, these conduits had to be able to: Below ground Water Transportation: This particular system’s unseen nature may suggest that it was originally manufactured for some kind of ritual or to allocate water to restricted communities. Quality Water Transportation: There is also information that indicates the pipelines being employed to provide for water fountains separately of the domestic strategy.

The Virtuosity of Michelangelo’s Roman Wall Fountains

The 16th century saw the creation of the first Roman wall fountains, the designs of two famed Florentine sculptures, Michelangelo and Ammannati. The fountain in the Piazza del Campidoglio in Rome, which was finished in 1536 and became part of the façade of the Palazzo Senatorio, was Michelangelo’s first design. The building of a conduit from the Aqua Felice to the Capitol, which allowed for a more spectacular water display, was included years later. Michelangelo had expected this, however, and built a bigger basin styled on the art of the late Cinquecento.

Was the reknowned sculptor the first to design wall fountains? The fountain types seen in Italy certainly show the influence of his designs. The styles seen at the Fountain of the River Gods at the Villa Lante, Bagnaia 1, and the Fountain of the Mugnone, set between the stairway on the main axis of the Villa Pratolino, represent other examples of this style.

It seemed to be Michelangelo’s predestination to combine classic Roman characteristics into his fountains instead of using his own tremendous talents to design original pieces.

An original wall fountain for the top of the passageway of the Belvedere in the Vatican was commissioned to the famed sculptor by Julius III (1550-1555). A marble figure of Moses striking a stone streaming water was to be built as embellishment for the fountain. However, an ancient figure of Cleopatra replaced the depiction of Moses because the latter would take too much time build. An ancient figure was thought to be easier to erect over the fountain than the creation of a completely new statue by the famed artist.

Water Elements: A Must in any Japanese Gardens

A water element is an important part of any Japanese garden. Since Japanese water fountains are seen as symbolic of physical and spiritual cleansing, they are often positioned in the doorway of buildings or shrines. Since water is the most essential element of any Japanese fountain, the design is normally simple.

You will also see many fountains that have spouts built of bamboo. The water passes through the bamboo spout and collects in the stone basin underneath. It ought to have a worn-down, weathered appearance as well. People want their fountain to look as natural as possible, so they put plants, flowers, and stones around the fountain. To the owner of the fountain, it clearly is more than just nice decor.

An alternate approach is to find a stone fountain, set it on a bed of rock, and place live bamboo and pretty stones around it. The point is that over time it will start to look more and more like a natural part of the landscape, as moss slowly grows over the stones.

Wherever there is sufficient open space, you have the possibility to build a more extensive water feature. Popular water feature extras are a koi pond or any sort of little pool, or even a meandering brook.

However, water does not need to be an element in a Japanese water fountain. It is acceptable to use representations of water instead of real water, such as sand, rocks, or natural stones. In addition, flat rocks can be laid out close enough together to give the illusion of a rippling brook.


A Concise History of Outdoor Water Fountains
Towns and villages depended on functional water fountains to conduct water for preparing food, bathing, and cleaning from local sources like ponds, channels, or springs. In the years before electricity, the spray of fountains was driven by... read more
Garden Water Features Recorded by History
Water fountains were at first practical in function, used to bring water from rivers or springs to towns and hamlets, supplying the residents with fresh water to drink, wash, and prepare food with. The force of gravity... read more
Ways to Introduce the Positive Aspects of Feng Shui to Your Garden
Consider introducing a water feature into these feng shui areas: East (health & family), North (career & path in life), or Southeast (money and abundance). read more
Improve Your Garden with the Aid of Feng Shui
Consider integrating a water feature into these feng shui areas: East (health & family), North (career & path in life), or Southeast (money and abundance). read more
Ways Feng Shui Make Your Garden into A Good Place to Think
A water element is a perfect add-on to the following feng shui areas: Southeast (money & abundance), East (health & family), and North (career & path in life). read more
An Absolute Roman Marvel: The Santa Maria Water Fountain in Cosmedin
Archaeologists and restorers on the lookout for pagan and Christian relics in Rome have stumbled upon a treasure trove of them in the area of the Santa Maria in... read more