Fountains: The Minoan Culture

During archaeological excavations on the island of Crete, a variety of kinds of channels have been discovered. These were made use of to furnish cities with water as well as to alleviate flooding and eliminate waste. They were for the most part created from terracotta or rock. r-042__80714.jpg Whenever prepared from terracotta, they were usually in the format of canals and circular or rectangular conduits. The cone-like and U-shaped terracotta pipes that were uncovered have not been spotted in any other culture. Knossos Palace had an advanced plumbing system made of terracotta piping which ran up to three meters under ground. These Minoan water lines were also utilized for collecting and storing water, not just distribution. These terracotta pipelines were used to perform: Underground Water Transportation: the obscure process for water movement could have been chosen to furnish water to certain individuals or occasions. Quality Water Transportation: There is also data which concludes the piping being used to provide for water fountains separately from the domestic technique.

Santa Maria in Cosmedin: A Roman Water Fountain Worth Viewing

Archaeologists and restorers on the lookout for pagan and Christian antiquities in Rome have stumbled upon an abundance of them in the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin. The nearby basilica is largely for the marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità, (Mouth of Truth) located in its entryway. When the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain was built in 1719, it was off the beaten track and generally unknown as a result. For the most part, visitors stayed away from the area because it was a sad and desolate part of the city.

In order to refurbish the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, Pope Clement XI commissioned an Italian architect by the name of Carlo Bizzaccheri to design a water fountain for the area. August 11, 1717 marked the date when construction on the church’s infrastructure commenced. Medals bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were thrown in the foundation following the blessing of the first rock.

Where are the Planet's Biggest Fountains?

Located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, the King Fahd Fountain (1985) is the tallest continually-functioning fountain worldwide. It spouts out water reaching 260 meters (853 feet) above the Red Sea.

The Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), comes in 2nd with water heights of 202 meters (663 feet).

Located near the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri, is third placed Gateway Geyser (1995). It rockets water 192 meters (630 feet) into the air and is currently the tallest fountain in the United States.

With water ejected 190 meters (620 feet) in the air, the Port Fountain in Karachi, Pakistan makes it on the list.

Number 4: On a typical day the water is limited to 91 meters (300 feet) at the Fountain Park feature in Fountain Hills, Arizona, but it is capable of propelling water up to 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are operating.

The Dubai Fountain opened in 2009 next to Burj Khalifa - the world's highest building. Once every half hour, this fountain begins dancing to pre-recorded musical themes while shooting water 73 meters (240 feet) high. It also has extreme shooters, rarely used, which go as high as 150 meters (490 feet).

Propelling water up to 147 meters (482 feet) high, the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet (1970) in Canberra, Australia, comes in seventh.

And finally we have the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951) which measures 140 meters (460 feet) in height.


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