Michelangelo’s Roman Water Fountains

During the 16th century two famous Florentine artists by the names of Michelangelo and Ammannati made the first wall fountains in Rome. 94-925-13901__19517.jpg Michelangelo’s first fountain was unveiled in 1536 in the Piazza del Campidoglio in Rome and makes up part of the front of the Palazzo Senatorio. Constructed some years later, a conduit from the Aqua Felice was added which carried water into the Capitol permitting a greater water display. Michelangelo, however, had expected this which led to addition of a larger basin styled on the forms of the late Cinquecento.

Was the well-known maestro the inventor of the wall fountain? His designs undoubtedly influenced the design of fountain which dominates throughout Italy. The styles seen at the Fountain of the River Gods at the Villa Lante, Bagnaia 1, and the Fountain of the Mugnone, set between the flight of steps on the main axis of the Villa Pratolino, are other examples of this style.

Michelangelo’s amazing talent was put aside because he was compelled to design fountains uniting classical elements and a Roman style. A new fountain at the top of the Belvedere in the Vatican was commissioned by Julius III (1550-1555) and it fell to the talented sculptor to design an archetypal structure. A marble Moses striking the rock from which water flowed was to enhance the fountain. The idea of the Moses figure was dismissed, however, because of the time it would take to build it and was therefore replaced by an antique image of Cleopatra. It was considered easier to use a classic statue above the fountain rather than have the illustrious artist design a totally new figure.

Explore the World’s Most Incredible Water Works

Located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, the King Fahd Fountain (1985) is the tallest continually-functioning fountain worldwide. It propels water reaching 260 meters (853 feet) above the Red Sea.

The World Cup Fountain located in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), comes in 2nd place with water shooting up 202 meters (663 feet).

Next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri, is the Gateway Geyser (1995) which comes in third place. It rockets water 192 meters (630 feet) into the air and is currently the tallest fountain in the USA.

Next is Port Fountain (2006) in Karachi, Pakistan, where the water jets 190 meters (620 feet) high.

Number 4 is Water at Fountain Park (1970) situated in Fountain Hills, Arizona - it can attain up to 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are working, even though it normally only hits up to 91 meters (300 feet).

The Dubai Fountain opened in 2009 next to Burj Khalifa - the world's highest building. It dances to pre-recorded music every half hour and propels water to the height of 73 meters (240 feet) - it also has extreme shooters which reach 150 meters (490 feet), though these are only used on special occasions.

Built in 1970, the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra, Australia, comes in at number 7 shooting water up to 147 meters (482 feet).

And finally comes the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951) which measures 140 meters (460 feet) in height.

Outdoor Fountains: The Minoan Civilization

Various sorts of conduits have been found through archaeological digs on the island of Crete, the birthplace of Minoan civilization. These delivered water and removed it, including water from waste and deluges. Virtually all were created from terracotta or even rock. There were terracotta pipes, both round and rectangular as well as canals made from the same components. Among these were clay conduits which were U-shaped or a shortened, cone-like shape which have exclusively showed up in Minoan civilization. Knossos Palace had a advanced plumbing system made of terracotta conduits which ran up to three meters below ground. These Minoan water lines were additionally utilized for gathering and storing water, not just circulation. In order to make this achievable, the conduits had to be fashioned to handle: Underground Water Transportation: At first this particular system appears to have been created not quite for ease but rather to offer water for specific individuals or rites without it being noticed. Quality Water Transportation: There is also proof that indicates the pipes being utilized to provide for fountains separately of the local strategy.


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