A Real Roman Wonder: The Santa Maria Fountain in Cosmedin

Archaeologists and restorers alike have stumbled upon a wealth of heathen and Christian artifacts on the grounds of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. Found in the portico of the nearby basilica one can see the famous marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth). Built in 1719, the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain was relatively unknown and situated far from sight making it difficult to visit. The part of town where it was located was forlorn and bleak which was enough to keep people away. It was then that the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was commissioned by Pope Clement XI to erect a water fountain in the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in an effort to make the area more popular. a-442__77253.jpg The work of laying down the church’s foundation started on August 17, 1717. The consecration of the first stone to be placed in the foundation was followed by medals being tossed in bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water.

The Truth About Water Elements in Japanese Gardens

Japanese gardens typically include a water feature. You will often see Japanese water fountains in the doorway of a temple or home due to the fact that they are regarded as symbolic of physical and spiritual purification. It is uncommon to see extravagantly-designed Japanese fountains since the emphasis is supposed to be on the water itself.

You will also find many fountains that have spouts made of bamboo. Under the bamboo spout is generally a stone basin which receives the water as it trickles down from the spout. In addition, it is vital to the overall look that it appear as if it has been outdoors for a long time. People want their fountain to appear as natural as possible, so they put plants, flowers, and stones around the fountain. Clearly this fountain is much more than just a beautiful add-on.

An alternate possibility is to find a stone fountain, set it on a bed of rock, and place live bamboo and pretty stones around it. Eventually moss begins to creep over the stones and cover them, and as that happens the area begins to look more and more like a natural part of the landscape.

Wherever there is sufficient open space, you have the possibility to build a more extensive water feature. Give some thought to adding a beautiful final touch like a pond filled with koi or a tiny stream.

However, water does not need to be an addition in a Japanese water fountain. Many people decide to represent water with sand, gravel, or rocks rather than putting in actual water. You can also collect flat stones and put them close enough together that they look like water in motion.

Visit the World’s Tallest Fountains

Known as the King Fahd Fountain (1985) located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, it is the highest continuously functioning fountain in the world. The water here jets up to a height of 260 meters (853 feet) above the Red Sea.

The World Cup Fountain located in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), comes in 2nd place with water shooting up 202 meters (663 feet).

Located near the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri, is 3rd placed Gateway Geyser (1995). This fountain is considered the tallest in the U.S. with water reaching up to 192 meters (630 feet).

Next is the fountain found in Karachi, Pakistan (Port Fountain) which jets water up to 190 meters (620 feet) in height.

Fountain Park in Fountain Hills, Arizona is number 4: it can jet water 171 meters (561 feet) high when the three pumps function at full capacity, it is usually limited to 91 meters (300 feet).

The Dubai Fountain which made its debut in 2009 is located next to tallest building worldwide, the famous Burj Khalifa. Once every 1/2 hour, this fountain begins dancing to pre-recorded musical themes while shooting water 73 meters (240 feet) high. It also has extreme shooters, rarely used, which go as high as 150 meters (490 feet).

Number 7 is the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra, finished in 1970, propelling water 147 meters (482 feet) high.

Lastly is the Jet d’Eau (1951) in Geneva, Switzerland, which measures 140 meters (460 feet).


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