An Absolute Roman Wonder: The Santa Maria Fountain in Cosmedin

Archaeologists and restorers on the lookout for pagan and Christian artifacts in Rome have come upon an abundance of them in the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin. Situated in the portico of the nearby basilica one can see the famous marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth). b-033__22864.jpg The location of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was not in a well-known neighborhood and was, therefore, not oftentimes visited. For the most part, people stayed away from the area because it was a bleak and deserted part of the city. As part of an effort to modernize the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was commissioned by Pope Clement XI to design a fountain. August 11, 1717 marked the date when construction on the church’s foundation started. The first stone to be placed in the foundation was consecrated and medals bearing the illustrations of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were also thrown in.

The Vast Array of Outdoor Fountains

Make your dream a reality by making an haven of tranquility in your yard. You can benefit from a water feature by incorporating an outdoor fountain to your garden and creating a place of tranquility.

Sending a stream of water straight into the air, spouting fountains create a striking impression. If your pond is sufficiently large, it can be incorporated without trouble. You can find these in public recreational areas or old mansions.

Outdoor water features are available in different forms, one of which is a chic wall fountain. If you are keen on include a water feature, but are concerned because you have a small yard, do not hesitate to install one of these. Wall fountains leave an understated impression, contrary to the big impact produced by spouting fountains. In this simple process. the water which is pushed out of a small opening, moves down a beautifully textured wall and is then collected at the bottom before being pumped back to the top.

Installing a fountain with a motif depends completely on the layout of your garden. A cherub holding a spout is one of the possible types of classical-styled statues you can use if you want your fountain to compliment a rustically themed cottage or garden. Something unique and bold could be an alternative for more modern gardens. Just allow your creativity to run loose.

The main trait of tiered fountains is the numerous levels spewing out water. Cascading fountains is another expression used to identify this type of fountain because water streams down multiple levels.

The space necessary for an outdoor fountain can be extensive, therefore, a better solution is to install a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. Due to the fact that the reservoirs necessary for these kinds of fountains are hidden underground, you can make the most of the room at your disposal.

Japanese fountains are believed to lend a feeling of tranquility and well-being. In this type of water feature the water passes through bamboo sticks. The cycle of water falling into a rustic-styled recipient or a molded stone repeats itself again and again.

An additional style of fountain is made of glass. Providing a more classical appearance are trellis-style fountains which feature shaped metalwork. Water features of this type are an excellent alternative for gardens with many sharp edges along with contemporary forms and design. A magnificent effect is created when water flows down the sheets of glass. LED lights are also utilized in some fountains to flash color across the water as it flows downward on the glass sheet. Often made of fake rock, stone waterfall fountains have water slowly trickling down its surface.

A large rock drilled with openings which then has tubes inserted into it is what distinguishes a bubbling rock fountain. Low pressure is employed to push up the water which then bubbles and gurgles at the top. Downward flowing water appears as soft dribble as it moves down the sides of the rock to go back to its base. Gardens with limited space are good spots to include this style of fountain. The low pressure used in this sort of fountain inhibits water from being spattered about in case of a windy day.

Solar fountains have recently gained in popularity because they are powered by sunlight. There are numerous reasons for this newly found appeal such as the absence of cables, less difficulty in running them, a reduction in electricity bills, and the advantages to the environment. The varied designs in outdoor solar-run fountains means you will not have to compromise on style.

Decorative Garden Fountains And Their Use In Minoa

A variety of types of conduits have been found through archaeological digs on the isle of Crete, the cradle of Minoan civilization. They were used for water supply as well as removal of storm water and wastewater. The main ingredients utilized were stone or terracotta. There were clay pipes, both round and rectangular as well as pathways made from the same material. These incorporated cone-like and U-shaped terracotta water lines which were exclusive to the Minoans. Terracotta pipes were used to distribute water at Knossos Palace, running up to three meters beneath the floor surfaces. The piping also had other applications including gathering water and diverting it to a central place for storage. Hence, these piping had to be ready to: Below ground Water Transportation: This particular system’s undetectable nature may mean that it was actually planned for some kind of ritual or to allocate water to limited groups. Quality Water Transportation: The conduits could also have been chosen to take water to fountains which were split from the city’s regular technique.


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