A Magnificent Example of Roman Expertise: The Santa Maria in Cosmedin Fountain

Both Christian and pagan articles have been found in by the load by archaeologists and restorers searching the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. Situated in the portico of the nearby basilica one can see the celebrated marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth). The situation of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was not in a well-known neighborhood and was, therefore, not oftentimes visited. The part of town where it was situated was depressing and bleak which generally kept people away. a-506set__68724.jpg In order to refurbish the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, Pope Clement XI commissioned an Italian architect by the name of Carlo Bizzaccheri to put up a water fountain for the area. August 11, 1717 saw the beginning of the job to lay down the foundation of the church. After blessing of the first stone, medals with the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were tossed into the foundation.

Roman Water Fountains: Michelangelo’s Masterpieces

Two Florentine sculptors by the names of Michelangelo and Ammannati created the earliest Roman wall fountains during the 16th century. The earliest fountain Michelangelo created came in 1536 with the building of the Campidoglio in Rome which was to make part of the Palazzo Senatorio's façade. The construction of a conduit from the Aqua Felice to the Capitol, which allowed for a more beautiful water display, was included years later. Michelangelo, however, had predicted this which led to choice of a larger basin styled on the forms of the late Cinquecento.

Was the reknowned maestro the first to design wall fountains? His designs undoubtedly inspired the design of fountain which predominates throughout Italy. The Fountain of the River Gods at the Villa Lante, Bagnaia 1, and the Fountain of the Mugnone arranged between flights of stairs on the main axis of the Villa Pratolino are further illustrations of this type of structure.

Sadly, Michelangelo was destined to put his own talents aside and combine conventional elements into fountains based on Roman styles.

A new fountain at the top of the Belvedere in the Vatican was commissioned by Julius III (1550-1555) and it fell to the talented artist to create a unique structure. The fountain was to be adorned with a marble sculpture of Moses hitting a stone from which water flowed. Rather than building the Moses sculpture, which would take too much time to complete, an antique figure of Cleopatra was used in its place, however. Producing a new design by the famed sculptor was thought to be more complicated than placing an ancient figure above the fountain.

Enrich Your Backyard with the Help of Feng Shui

Add feng shui design to the layout of your yard so it can carry energy into your residence.

Do not worry if your garden is considered too little for feng shui design, as size is relatively unimportant. If you have a lavish, charming one, that is great, but even a smaller area works well with feng shui design.

The same tools you employ to introduce feng shui design into your house can be used in the garden. Your yard's bagua, or energy map, is an off-shoot of your house's bagua, so it is essential to figure out your home’s first.

In order to make the most of feng shui, it is vital to start by knowing how to bolster each of its five elements.

The Earth element, for example, should be positioned in the northeast portion of your garden which connects to the personal growth and self-cultivation energy in feng shui design. The ideal addition to the northeast corner of your yard might be a tranquil Zen garden decorated with natural stone, as they represent the Earth element in feng shui.

A water element is a perfect add-on to the following feng shui areas: Southeast (money & abundance), East (health & family), and North (career & path in life).


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