Water Fountains: A Necessity in any Japanese Landscapes

You will rarely see a Japanese garden that does not have a water element. You will often notice Japanese water fountains in the doorway of a temple or home due to the fact that they are considered symbolic of physical and spiritual cleansing. Since water is supposed to be the focal point of a fountain, you will notice that the designs are kept very simple.

Many people also get a water fountain that features a bamboo spout. ft_199__26391.jpg The bamboo spout is positioned over the basin, typically made of natural stones, and water trickles out. People generally make them seem weathered and worn, even when they are new. It is vital that the overall look of the fountain fits in with the natural setting, so people typically place plants, rocks, and flowers around it. To the owner of the fountain, it obviously is more than just nice decoration.

If you want to get a bit more artistic, try a stone fountain decorated with live bamboo and other natural elements placed on a bed of gravel. Gradually moss begins to creep over the stones and cover them, and as that happens the area begins to look more and more like a natural part of the landscape.

Larger water features can be created if there is enough open land. Nice add-ons include a babbling brook or tiny pool with koi in it.

Japanese fountains, however, do not actually need to have water in them. Pretty rocks, sand, or gravel are good alternatives to actual water, as they can be used to represent the water. Natural rocks that are flat and laid out tightly together can be used to produce the illusion of flowing water.

Where are the World’s Most Grandiose Water Displays?

The King Fahd Fountain (built in 1985) in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, has the tallest consistently-running fountain on the planet. The water reaches the fantastic height of 260 meters (853 feet) over the Red Sea.

The Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), comes in second with water heights of 202 meters (663 feet).

Occupying third place is the Gateway Geyser (1995), located near the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri. Considered the highest fountain in the United States, it jets water 192 meters (630 feet) into the sky.

The next on the list is Port Fountain located in Karachi, Pakistan which rockets water 190 meters (620 feet) into the heavens.

Number 4: Fountain Park (1970), Fountain Hills, Arizona - although it can reach heights of 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are operating, it only reaches 91 meters (300 feet) on a normal day.

The Dubai Fountain was opened in 2009 near to Burj Khalifa - the world's tallest building. The fountain propels water up to 73 meters (240 feet) and performs once every half hour to pre-recorded music - and even has extreme shooters, not used in every show, which reach up to 150 meters (490 feet).

Making it in the top 8 is the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra (1970) which measures 147 meters (482 feet).

And finally comes the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951) which measures 140 meters (460 feet) in height.

A Magnificent Example of Roman Talent: The Santa Maria in Cosmedin Water Fountain

Both Christian and pagan articles have been found in by the load by archaeologists and restorers searching the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The well-known marble sculpture known as the Bocca della VeritĂ  (Mouth of Truth) is located in the portico of the basilica nearby. When the Santa Maria in Cosmedin water fountain was created in 1719, it was off the beaten track and mostly unknown as a result. The part of town where it was situated was depressing and uninviting which was enough to keep visitors away. In order to refurbish the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, Pope Clement XI commissioned an Italian architect by the name of Carlo Bizzaccheri to create a fountain for the area. Work on the church's foundation started on on August 11, 1717. After blessing of the first stone, medals with the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were thrown into the foundation.


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