Garden Fountains Lost to History

Towns and communities relied on working water fountains to conduct water for preparing food, bathing, and cleaning from nearby sources like lakes, streams, or springs. A supply of water higher in elevation than the fountain was needed to pressurize the flow and send water spraying from the fountain's spout, a technology without equal until the later half of the 19th century. Inspiring and impressive, large water fountains have been built as monuments in nearly all societies. r-117__15270.jpg The common fountains of modern times bear little resemblance to the very first water fountains. Basic stone basins sculpted from local material were the first fountains, used for religious ceremonies and drinking water. 2,000 B.C. is when the earliest known stone fountain basins were actually used. The very first civilizations that made use of fountains relied on gravity to drive water through spigots. Situated near aqueducts or springs, the practical public water fountains supplied the local population with fresh drinking water. Fountains with flowery decoration started to show up in Rome in about 6 BC, commonly gods and animals, made with natural stone or bronze. Water for the community fountains of Rome arrived to the city via a complicated system of water aqueducts.

The Virtuosity of Michelangelo’s Roman Water Fountains

The 16th century saw the creation of the earliest Roman wall fountains, the designs of two celebrated Florentine sculptures, Michelangelo and Ammannati. The fountain in the Piazza del Campidoglio in Rome, which was finished in 1536 and became part of the façade of the Palazzo Senatorio, was Michelangelo’s first creation. Some years later, a more extravagant water display was made viable with the extension of the Aqua Felice into the Capitol. Michelangelo, however, had anticipated this which led to addition of a larger basin styled on the forms of the late Cinquecento.

Was the well-known maestro the mastermind of the wall fountain? Italy’s fountains definitely show the effect his designs had on the styles found there. The Fountain of the River Gods at the Villa Lante, Bagnaia 1, and the Fountain of the Mugnone found between flights of stairs on the main axis of the Villa Pratolino are further models of this type of structure.

It seemed to be Michelangelo’s destiny to combine classic Roman characteristics into his fountains instead of using his own considerable talents to design original pieces. A new fountain at the top of the Belvedere in the Vatican was authorized by Julius III (1550-1555) and it fell to the great sculptor to design an archetypal structure. The talented artist was commissioned to design a marble figure of Moses striking a stone from which water flowed. The option of the Moses figure was abandoned, however, because of the time it would take to build it and was therefore replaced by an antique image of Cleopatra. Completing a new design by the celebrated sculptor was considered more complicated than placing an ancient figure above the fountain.

Outdoor Garden Fountains And Their Use In Ancient Minoa

Fountains and Water and the Minoan Civilization They not only aided with the water supplies, they eliminated rainwater and wastewater as well. The chief materials employed were stone or terracotta. There were clay pipes, both circular and rectangular as well as canals made from the same materials. Amidst these were terracotta piping that were U-shaped or a shorter, cone-like form which have exclusively appeared in Minoan civilization. Clay piping were used to circulate water at Knossos Palace, running up to three meters beneath the flooring. These Minoan pipes were additionally made use of for gathering and stocking water, not just distribution. Thus, these conduits had to be ready to: Underground Water Transportation: This system’s undetectable nature might mean that it was primarily developed for some type of ritual or to distribute water to limited groups. Quality Water Transportation: The pipes could also have been utilized to move water to fountains which were split from the city’s standard process.


Public Garden Fountains Lost to History
Towns and communities relied on functional water fountains to channel water for preparing food, washing, and cleaning from local sources like lakes, streams, or springs. ... read more
Michelangelo’s Roman Wall Fountains
It seemed to be Michelangelo’s predestination to combine classic Roman characteristics into his fountains instead of using his own remarkable talents to design original pieces. An original wall fountain for the top of... read more
The Truth About Water Elements in Japanese Landscapes
However, water does not have to be an element in a Japanese water fountain. It is acceptable to use representations of water in lieu of real water, such as sand, rocks, or natural stones. The semblance of a creek... read more
The Demand for Water Features in Japanese Gardens
There are different options if you do not want to put water in your Japanese fountain. It is appropriate to use representations of water in lieu of real water, such as... read more