The Globe's Most Impressive Water Elements

a-496__07182.jpg Known as the King Fahd Fountain (1985) located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, it is the highest continuously operating fountain in the world. Reaching incredible heights above the Red Sea, this fountain jets water 260 meters (853 feet) in the air.

The Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), comes in second with water heights of 202 meters (663 feet).

Occupying third place is the Gateway Geyser (1995), located close to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri. Regarded as the tallest fountain in the United States, it jets water 192 meters (630 feet) into the sky.

Next is the fountain located in Karachi, Pakistan (Port Fountain) which jets water up to 190 meters (620 feet) in height.

Fountain Park in Fountain Hills, Arizona is number 4: it can jet water 171 meters (561 feet) high when the three pumps operate at full capacity, it is usually limited to 91 meters (300 feet).

The Dubai Fountain opened in 2009 near to Burj Khalifa - the world's tallest building. It dances to pre-recorded music every half hour and propels water to the height of 73 meters (240 feet) - it also has extreme shooters which reach 150 meters (490 feet), though these are only used on special occasions.

Propelling water up to 147 meters (482 feet) high, the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet (1970) in Canberra, Australia, comes in seventh.

And at number 8, we have the the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951), measuring 140 meters (460 feet).

The Minoan Civilization: Garden Fountains

On the Greek island of Crete, excavations have unearthed conduits of different kinds.

In conjunction with offering water, they distributed water which gathered from storms or waste. The chief materials used were rock or terracotta. There were clay conduits, both circular and rectangle-shaped as well as pathways made from the same elements. These included cone-like and U-shaped clay piping that were distinctive to the Minoans. Terracotta pipelines were utilized to distribute water at Knossos Palace, running up to three meters under the floor surfaces. Along with distributing water, the terracotta pipes of the Minoans were also used to accumulate water and store it. Therefore, these pipes had to be ready to: Underground Water Transportation: Initially this technique seems to have been created not quite for comfort but to supply water for chosen people or rites without it being noticed. Quality Water Transportation: Some scholars feel that these pipes were employed to build a separate distribution system for the residence.

Roman Wall Fountains: Michelangelo’s Masterwork

Michelangelo and Ammannati, two celebrated Florentine artists, made the first Roman wall fountains during the 16th century. In 1536 Michelangelo’s earliest fountain in the Piazza del Campidoglio in Rome, part of the façade of the Palazzo Senatorio, was displayed. The construction of a conduit from the Aqua Felice to the Capitol, which allowed for a more beautiful water display, was included years later. Expecting this, Michelangelo had added a more sizable basin styled on the late Cinquecento.

Was the well-known maestro the first to create wall fountains? The sculptor’s designs definitely impacted the future style of fountains in Italy. Today, this structural design is found at the Fountain of the River Gods at the Villa Lante, Bagnaia 1, and the Fountain of the Mugnone arranged among the stairs on the main axis of the Villa Pratolino.

Michelangelo’s great talent was put aside because he was forced to design fountains combining classical elements and a Roman style. A brand-new fountain at the top of the Belvedere in the Vatican was authorized by Julius III (1550-1555) and it fell to the great artist to design a unique structure. The talented artist was commissioned to design a marble figure of Moses striking a stone from which water streamed forth. Rather than making the Moses sculpture, which would take too much time to finish, an antique figure of Cleopatra was used in its place, however. A design by the well-known artist was thought to be too time-consuming, therefore, an ancient figure placed above the fountain seemed to be a better option.


Decorative Garden Fountains And Their Use In The Minoan Civilization
Fountains and Water and the Minoan Civilization Along with delivering water, they distributed water which amassed from deluges or waste material. The principle ingredients used were stone or clay. When prepared from clay, they were... read more
Pick from all Types of Outdoor Fountains
Powered by sunlight, solar fountains are becoming increasingly trendy. There are numerous reasons for this newly found interest such as the absence of cables, less... read more
The Roman Wall Fountains of Michelangelo
It seemed to be Michelangelo’s destiny to combine classic Roman attributes into his fountains instead of using his own tremendous talents to design original pieces. An original wall fountain for the top of the ... read more
The Globe's Tallest Water Showpieces
And at number 8, we have the the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951), measuring 140 meters (460 feet). read more