A Short History of Public Garden Fountains

As initially conceived, water fountains were designed to be practical, directing water from streams or aqueducts to the citizens of cities and villages, where the water could be utilized for cooking, washing, and drinking. A source of water higher in elevation than the fountain was required to pressurize the flow and send water squirting from the fountain's spout, a system without equal until the later part of the 19th century. twf030_ei__98017.jpg Fountains throughout history have been crafted as monuments, impressing hometown citizens and tourists alike. Crude in design, the first water fountains didn't appear much like modern-day fountains. Basic stone basins sculpted from local stone were the original fountains, used for religious functions and drinking water. The original stone basins are suspected to be from around 2000 BC. Early fountains put to use in ancient civilizations relied on gravity to manipulate the flow of water through the fountain. These original fountains were built to be functional, often situated along aqueducts, streams and rivers to provide drinking water. Creatures, Gods, and spectral figures dominated the early ornate Roman fountains, starting to appear in about 6 BC. The City of Rome had an intricate system of aqueducts that furnished the water for the numerous fountains that were placed throughout the city.

The Wide Array of Exterior Water Features

Convert your garden into what you have always wanted – a haven of peace. Add a sense of peace to your garden with an exterior fountain and avail yourself of all the positive effects of a water feature.

The flood of water sent high up into the air by a spouting fountain is an spectacular sight to see. If your pond is significantly large, it can be incorporated without trouble. You can find these in community parks or old mansions.

One of the many examples of an outdoor water feature is a classy wall fountain. These types of fountains make for a great addition to your yard even if it is small. While spouting fountains leave behind an impressive effect, wall fountains are rather understated water features. In a very simple process, the water flows out of a spout, trickles down a magnificently textured wall only to be pumped back to the top.

Themed fountains are perfect when the design of your garden allows for them. In a rustic themed bungalow or yard, a traditional styled statue for your fountain could include cherubs holding the spout. On the other hand, a more contemporary garden can include more of a bold design. Deciding what to do is entirely in your hands.

Water flows down multiple levels in a tiered fountain. Water runs down multiple tiers in a cascading fountain.

The space necessary for an outdoor fountain can be considerable, therefore, a better alternative is to install a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. The reservoirs necessary for these types of fountains are concealed underground which helps you better use your limited space.

If you seek a feeling of peacefulness and calmness, put in a Japanese fountain as these are believed to bring about such sensations. In this type of water feature the water passes through bamboo sticks. The repetition of water streaming into a bucket or shaped stone is one of the main characteristics of this kind of fountain.

Glass fountains make up another category of fountain. Trellis-style fountains of this kind, highlight molded metalwork which provides a more conventional look. However, this type of water feature is better suited to backyard gardens with many sharp corners as well as modern-day forms and design. The flowing water creates a striking effect as it moves down the glass panels. LED lights are also utilized in some fountains to flash color across the water as it flows downward on the glass sheet. The jagged surface of rock waterfall fountain creates an appealing façade as the water softly flows downwards.

In a bubbling rock fountain, a big rock is drilled with holes and then filled in the center with tubes. In this kind of fountain, water is driven upwards at low pressure to cause it to bubble and gurgle at the top. Downward flowing water appears as gentle trickle as it moves down the sides of the rock to return to its base. Small gardens are perfect for this kind of fountain. This sort of fountain, which uses low pressure to move water, is suitable because it prevents water from being sprayed around in windy weather.

Solar driven fountains have become more popular recently because they run on sunlight. The advantages of using this type of solar powered fountain is the lack of cables, lowered difficulty in installing them, the decrease in electricity bills, and the positive effects they have on our environment. Outdoor solar-powered fountains are available in myriad different styles, therefore, you will not have to settle on which one to purchase.

The Early Culture: Garden Fountains

Archaeological digs in Minoan Crete in Greece have exposed a number of types of conduits. They were used for water supply as well as removal of storm water and wastewater. They were typically built from terracotta or rock. Terracotta was used for canals and conduits, both rectangular and spherical. The cone-like and U-shaped terracotta piping that were found have not been detected in any other culture. Knossos Palace had a sophisticated plumbing system made of clay conduits which ran up to three meters below ground. The piping also had other functions such as gathering water and conveying it to a main place for storing. These terracotta pipelines were required to perform: Subterranean Water Transportation: It is not really understood why the Minoans wanted to transfer water without it being enjoyed. Quality Water Transportation: There is also information that indicates the piping being used to supply water features separately of the local scheme.


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