A Brief History of Outdoor Garden Fountains

The water from springs and other sources was originally provided to the residents of nearby communities and municipalities by way of water fountains, whose design was primarily practical, not aesthetic. To generate water flow through a fountain until the end of the 1800’s, and create a jet of water, required the force of gravity and a water source such as a spring or lake, located higher than the fountain. Fountains throughout history have been created as memorials, impressing local citizens and travelers alike. If you saw the very first fountains, you would not recognize them as fountains. b-026__96292.jpg Designed for drinking water and ceremonial functions, the 1st fountains were very simple carved stone basins. Stone basins as fountains have been found from 2000 BC. Gravity was the energy source that operated the initial water fountains. These ancient water fountains were created to be functional, usually situated along aqueducts, streams and waterways to furnish drinking water. Beasts, Gods, and spectral figures dominated the initial decorative Roman fountains, starting to appear in about 6 BC. A well-designed collection of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public fountains supplied with fresh water.

The Early Culture: Fountains

Fountains and Water and the Minoan Civilization They not only helped with the water supply, they removed rainwater and wastewater as well. Stone and terracotta were the materials of choice for these channels. Whenever terracotta was employed, it was normally for waterways as well as water pipes which came in rectangular or spherical forms. Amidst these were clay pipes that were U shaped or a shorter, cone-like shape which have only appeared in Minoan society. Terracotta piping were laid under the flooring at Knossos Palace and used to move water. The pipelines also had other uses including amassing water and channeling it to a centralized site for storing. To make this possible, the pipelines had to be designed to handle: Below ground Water Transportation: Initially this process seems to have been fashioned not quite for comfort but rather to provide water to specific individuals or rituals without it being observed. Quality Water Transportation: There is also proof that indicates the piping being used to supply water fountains separately of the domestic scheme.

Fountains: Important in any Japanese Gardens

No Japanese garden is finished without a water element. The Japanese water fountain is considered symbolic of spiritual and physical cleansing, so it is typically placed in or near the doorways of temples or homes. The design of Japanese fountains tends to be very simple because they are meant to draw attention to the water itself.

Many people also choose a water fountain that features a bamboo spout. Under the bamboo spout is usually a stone basin which receives the water as it trickles down from the spout. People generally make them appear weathered and worn, even when they are new. It is important that the overall look of the fountain goes with the natural setting, so people typically place plants, rocks, and flowers around it. To the owner of the fountain, it obviously is more than just nice decoration.

If you want to get a bit more artistic, try a stone fountain embellished with live bamboo and other natural elements placed on a bed of gravel. In time, as moss slowly covers the stones, it starts to look even more natural-looking.

Bigger water features can be created if there is enough open land. Lots of people put in a koi pond or a little stream as a final touch.

Water, though, does not have to be used in a Japanese fountain. It is okay to use representations of water instead of real water, such as sand, rocks, or natural stones. In addition, flat stones can be laid out close enough together to give the illusion of a babbling brook.


The Minoan Civilization: Fountains
On the Greek island of Crete, excavations have discovered conduits of numerous types. In conjunction with offering water, they distributed water which amassed from storms or waste material. The principle materials employed were rock or terracotta. Whenever... read more
The Many Kinds of Outdoor Fountains
Solar fountains have recently gained in popularity because they are powered by the sun. The advantages of using this type of solar powered fountain is the lack of cables, lowered difficulty in installing them, the decrease in electricity bills, and the favorable... read more
Recommendations for Designing a Comforting Indoor or Outdoor Sanctuary
Do not forget to add plants, as they have an significant impact on the charm of a water fountain. Plants and flowers that bloom in various ... read more
Ideas for Your Perfect Retreat Indoors or Out
Plants and flowers are also crucial for the most striking water fountains. Look for plant types that blossom throughout the year. Beautiful rocks, sculptures, or a fireplace are also nice additions. read more