The Original Water Fountains

The water from rivers and other sources was originally provided to the citizens of nearby communities and cities through water fountains, whose purpose was largely practical, not aesthetic. In the years before electrical power, the spray of fountains was driven by gravity only, commonly using an aqueduct or water resource located far away in the nearby hills. The beauty and spectacle of fountains make them appropriate for traditional monuments. Crude in style, the first water fountains didn't appear much like modern fountains. fcl118__23153.jpg Basic stone basins sculpted from local rock were the first fountains, used for spiritual ceremonies and drinking water. 2000 BC is when the oldest identified stone fountain basins were used. The jet of water appearing from small jets was forced by gravity, the only power source builders had in those days. The placement of the fountains was determined by the water source, which is why you’ll usually find them along reservoirs, waterways, or streams. Fountains with embellished Gods, mythological beasts, and animals began to show up in Rome in about 6 BC, crafted from natural stone and bronze. The Romans had an elaborate system of aqueducts that supplied the water for the countless fountains that were placed throughout the community.

The Many Styles of Outdoor Fountains

Have you ever thought about turning your garden into a haven of serenity? Add a sense of peace to your garden with an exterior fountain and avail yourself of all the positive effects of a water feature.

Sending a stream of water straight into the air, spouting fountains create a striking impression. Sizable, preexisting ponds can easily be fitted with one of these. Parks and traditional mansions often have one these water features.

One of the many examples of an outdoor water feature is a classy wall fountain. These sorts of fountains make great water features even if you only have a small garden. Wall fountains are not flamboyant water features when compared with a spouting fountain. It is simple undertaking wherein a small jet of water pours outwards in front of a beautifully textured wall and then flows down only to be pumped up again.

Dependent on the look you have chosen for the garden, you could contemplate a themed fountain. If your bungalow or garden is styled in a rustic manner, you should think about including a traditional type of statue, such as a seraph holding the spout, to your fountain. Consider installing something bolder and distinctive for a modern-day garden. Feel free to let your hair down and choose something fun and audacious.

Water streams down multiple levels in a tiered fountain. Cascading fountains is another term used to identify this type of fountain because water streams down multiple levels.

A considerable amount of space is necessary for an outdoor fountain, so another option is to install a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. Due to the fact that the reservoirs necessary for these kinds of fountains are hidden underground, you can make the most of the room at your disposal.

Japanese fountains are thought to lend a sense of tranquility and wellness. In this type of water feature the water runs through bamboo sticks. Water then streams into a recipient or a shaped stone, only to repeat the pattern over and over again.

Fountains created from glass are another type available. A more traditional look is provided by trellis-style fountains which feature shaped metalwork. However, this type of water feature is better suited to backyard gardens with many sharp corners as well as contemporary forms and design. A wondrous effect is produced when water flows down the sheets of glass. In some cases, the water is colored by LED lights as it flows down the glass panels. A rock waterfall fountain (often made of imitation rock) showcases water slowly cascading down its façade.

In a bubbling rock fountain, a big rock is drilled with openings and then filled in the center with tubes. The gurgles and bubbles at the top are the product of the low pressure used to trigger the water upwards. The water returns gently trickling down the sides of the rock to get to its starting point. This is yet another solution for gardens with limited space. The low pressure used in this sort of fountain hinders water from being spattered about in case of a windy day.

Solar driven fountains have become more popular recently because they run on sunlight. The advantages of using this type of solar powered fountain is the lack of cables, lowered difficulty in installing them, the decrease in electricity bills, and the beneficial effects they have on our environment. The numerous designs in outdoor solar-powered fountains means you will not have to compromise on style.

The World’s Tallest Water Elements

Jeddah, Saudi Arabia has the highest continuously- running water fountain known as the King Fahd Fountain (1985). It propels water reaching 260 meters (853 feet) above the Red Sea.

Coming in second is the World Cup Fountain located in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002) with water shooting 202 meters (663 feet).

The Gateway Geyser (1995) situated next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri is #3 on the list. This fountain is regarded as the tallest in the U.S. with water reaching up to 192 meters (630 feet).

Next is Port Fountain (2006) in Karachi, Pakistan, where the water shoots 190 meters (620 feet) high.

Number 4: Fountain Park (1970), Fountain Hills, Arizona - although it can reach heights of 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are in use, it only reaches 91 meters (300 feet) on a normal day.

The Dubai Fountain opened in 2009 near to Burj Khalifa - the world's highest building. It dances to pre-recorded music every half hour and rockets water to the height of 73 meters (240 feet) - it also has extreme shooters which reach 150 meters (490 feet), though these are only used on special occasions.

Number 7 is the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra, completed in 1970, launching water 147 meters (482 feet) high.

The last impressive fountain to make the list is the Jet d’Eau (1951) in Geneva, Switzerland, measuring 140 meters (460 feet).


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