Ancient Crete & The Minoans: Water Fountains

On the Greek island of Crete, digs have unearthed channels of multiple types. They were used for water supply as well as removal of storm water and wastewater. They were commonly created from terracotta or stone. When prepared from terracotta, they were generally in the shape of canals and spherical or rectangular conduits. p-529_smithsonian_morning_glory_urn__61193.jpg There are two examples of Minoan terracotta piping, those with a shortened cone shape and a U-shape that haven’t been observed in any society ever since. Terracotta piping were used to circulate water at Knossos Palace, running up to three meters under the floors. The piping also had other functions such as gathering water and conveying it to a main area for storing. In order to make this possible, the pipelines had to be designed to handle: Below ground Water Transportation: This particular system’s undetectable nature may mean that it was initially planned for some type of ritual or to circulate water to limited communities. Quality Water Transportation: Some scholars consider that these pipes were chosen to generate a different distribution technique for the castle.

Michelangelo’s Roman Water Fountains

Michelangelo and Ammannati, two famed Florentine artists, crafted the first Roman wall fountains during the 16th century. The fountain in the Piazza del Campidoglio in Rome, which was finished in 1536 and became part of the façade of the Palazzo Senatorio, was Michelangelo’s first creation. The development of a conduit from the Aqua Felice to the Capitol, which allowed for a more impressive water display, was included years later. Expecting this, Michelangelo had added a more sizable basin styled on the late Cinquecento.

The question remains as to whether the celebrated maestro was the earliest to create wall fountains. His designs undoubtedly inspired the design of fountain which predominates throughout Italy. The styles seen at the Fountain of the River Gods at the Villa Lante, Bagnaia 1, and the Fountain of the Mugnone, set between the flight of steps on the main axis of the Villa Pratolino, are other examples of this style.

It seemed to be Michelangelo’s predestination to combine classic Roman characteristics into his fountains instead of using his own considerable talents to design original pieces.

The Florentine maestro was instructed by Julius III (1550-1555) to design a distinctive fountain to be placed at the top of the passage of the Belvedere in the Vatican. The famed artist was asked to design a marble figure of Moses striking a stone from which water flowed. Unfortunately for the sculptor, this concept was turned down because it would take a lot of time to build and a traditional statue of Cleopatra was used instead. It was considered easier to use a classical sculpture above the fountain rather than have the eminent artist design a totally new figure.

Enrich Your Backyard with the Use of Feng Shui

Introduce feng shui design to the layout of your yard so it can carry energy into your home.

Size is not the most important concern when incorporating feng shui design to your yard. A sizeable area is great for those fortunate enough to have it, but a more compact area can still be useful in feng shui design.

Whether you are adding feng shui design to your home or garden, the approaches are the same. In order to know the energy map, or bagua, of your garden, you will first have to understand your home’s bagua.

It is also crucial to know the five elements in the theory of feng shui and how best to use each one to maximize its energy.

An example of this is that Earth is the feng shui element you should include in the northeast part of your garden because that section of your garden connects to the energy of personal growth and self-cultivation. This could be the ideal spot to put a meditative Zen garden with some alluring stones because these represent the Earth element in feng shui.

A water feature is a great add-on to the following feng shui areas: Southeast (money & abundance), East (health & family), and North (career & path in life).


Fountains And Their Use In Ancient Minoa
On the Greek island of Crete, digs have unearthed channels of several types. These furnished water and extracted it, including water from waste and storms. They were commonly made from clay or... read more
Outdoor Fountains And Their Use In Crete & Minoa
On the Greek island of Crete, excavations have discovered conduits of multiple varieties. They were used for water supply as well as removal of storm water... read more
Water Features Lost to History
As initially developed, fountains were crafted to be functional, directing water from streams or aqueducts to the residents of cities and villages, where the water could be used for cooking food, washing, and... read more
Outdoor Fountains Come in Many Forms and Sizes
The trend of setting up solar powered fountains is becoming progressively widespread. The advantages of using this type of solar powered fountain is the lack of cables, lowered difficulty in installing them,... read more