The First Public Fountains recorded in Human History.

As initially conceived, water fountains were crafted to be practical, directing water from creeks or aqueducts to the inhabitants of cities and settlements, where the water could be used for cooking, cleaning, and drinking. 50721md__16697.jpg In the days before electricity, the spray of fountains was powered by gravity alone, usually using an aqueduct or water source located far away in the nearby hills. The appeal and spectacle of fountains make them appropriate for historical monuments. If you saw the 1st fountains, you wouldn't recognize them as fountains. The 1st recognized water fountain was a stone basin carved that served as a container for drinking water and ceremonial purposes. Stone basins as fountains have been discovered from 2,000 B.C.. The force of gravity was the energy source that operated the oldest water fountains. Drinking water was delivered by public fountains, long before fountains became decorative public statues, as beautiful as they are functional. Fountains with ornamental Gods, mythological monsters, and creatures began to show up in Rome in about 6 BC, made from stone and bronze. A well-designed system of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public water fountains supplied with fresh water.

The Wonderful Santa Maria in Cosmedin Fountain in Rome

Archaeologists and restorers alike have stumbled upon a wealth of pagan and Christian relics on the grounds of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The nearby basilica is largely renowned for the marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità, (Mouth of Truth) located in its entryway. Since the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was situated off the beaten track, it remained mostly unknown.

For the most part, visitors stayed away from the area because it was a drab and deserted part of the city. It was a this time that Pope Clement XI commissioned the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri to put up a fountain to modernize the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin. Work on the church's infrastructure started on on August 11, 1717. After blessing of the first stone, medals with the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were thrown into the foundation.

The Early Culture: Fountains

Fountains and Water and the Minoan Civilization They not merely aided with the water sources, they eliminated rainwater and wastewater as well. Virtually all were prepared from clay or even rock. Terracotta was utilized for waterways and pipes, both rectangular and spherical. There are two examples of Minoan terracotta piping, those with a shortened cone form and a U-shape which haven’t been observed in any society since that time. Terracotta piping were utilized to distribute water at Knossos Palace, running up to three meters under the floor surfaces. The piping also had other uses including gathering water and directing it to a main site for storing. This called for the clay conduits to be suitable for holding water without seepage. Underground Water Transportation: This undetectable system for water movement may have been utilized to supply water to select individuals or functions. Quality Water Transportation: There’s also data which suggests the piping being used to supply fountains independently from the domestic process.


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