The Purpose of Water Fountains in Japanese Gardens

A water feature is an essential part of any Japanese garden. Since Japanese water fountains are viewed as emblematic of physical and spiritual cleansing, they are often positioned in the doorway of buildings or shrines. 150820_3901_gf_820_3901r__92217.jpg Since water is the most important component of any Japanese fountain, the design is normally simple.

Moreover, water fountains with bamboo spouts are very prevalent. The water passes through the bamboo spout and collects in the stone basin underneath. People generally make them look weathered and worn, even when they are new. Natural elements such as plants and rocks are commonly put in place around a fountain so that it seems more connected with nature. Clearly, this fountain is something more than just a basic decoration.

If you want to get a bit more creative, try a stone fountain embellished with live bamboo and other natural elements placed on a bed of gravel. After some years it begins to really blend into the surrounding nature as moss covers the stone.

Bigger water features can be created if there is enough open land. Popular water feature additions are a koi pond or any sort of tiny pool, or even a meandering brook.

There are other alternatives if you do not want to put water in your Japanese fountain. Good alternatives include stones, gravel, or sand to represent water. You can also assemble flat stones and place them close enough together that they look like water in motion.

Tall Fountains Around the World

The King Fahd Fountain ( crafted in 1985) in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, has the tallest continually -running fountain on the planet.

The water here jets up to a height of 260 meters (853 feet) above the Red Sea.

The World Cup Fountain located in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), comes in 2nd place with water shooting up 202 meters (663 feet).

Located next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri, is third placed Gateway Geyser (1995). Considered the highest fountain in the United States, it jets water 192 meters (630 feet) into the sky.

Next is the fountain located in Karachi, Pakistan (Port Fountain) which shoots water up to 190 meters (620 feet) in height.

Number 4 is Water at Fountain Park (1970) situated in Fountain Hills, Arizona - it can attain up to 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are working, even though it typically only reaches up to 91 meters (300 feet).

The Dubai Fountain, opened to the public in 2009, is located next to the Burj Khalifa, the world’s tallest building. It performs every 1/2 hour to previously recorded songs and shoots water up to 73 meters (240 feet) in height -it also has built in extreme shooters, though only used during special events, which reach 150 meters (490 feet) in height.

Propelling water up to 147 meters (482 feet) high, the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet (1970) in Canberra, Australia, comes in seventh.

The last impressive fountain to make the list is the Jet d’Eau (1951) in Geneva, Switzerland, measuring 140 meters (460 feet).

Early Crete & The Minoans: Wall Fountains

Various different kinds of conduits have been discovered through archaeological digs on the island of Crete, the birthplace of Minoan civilization. They were used for water supply as well as removal of storm water and wastewater. Many were made from clay or even rock. There were terracotta pipes, both circular and rectangle-shaped as well as canals made from the same elements. There are two examples of Minoan clay conduits, those with a shortened cone form and a U-shape that haven’t been observed in any civilization ever since. Knossos Palace had an sophisticated plumbing network made of clay piping which ran up to three meters below ground. These Minoan pipelines were also used for gathering and stocking water, not just distribution. This required the clay pipes to be suitable for holding water without seepage. Below ground Water Transportation: Originally this particular technique appears to have been fashioned not quite for convenience but rather to offer water for chosen individuals or rituals without it being seen. Quality Water Transportation: Some scholars think that these pipes were employed to generate a different distribution system for the residence.


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