Garden Fountains: The Minoan Civilization

During archaeological excavations on the island of Crete, various kinds of channels have been uncovered. They were used for water supply as well as removal of storm water and wastewater. c_077__27676.jpg The principle ingredients used were stone or terracotta. There were terracotta pipelines, both round and rectangle-shaped as well as waterways made from the same material. These included cone-like and U-shaped terracotta conduits which were exclusive to the Minoans. Knossos Palace had a sophisticated plumbing system made of terracotta piping which ran up to three meters under ground. These Minoan water lines were additionally utilized for amassing and stocking water, not just distribution. In order to make this possible, the pipes had to be tailored to handle: Underground Water Transportation: This hidden method for water movement could have been employed to give water to specified men and women or functions. Quality Water Transportation: Many historians believe that these conduits were employed to develop a different distribution technique for the castle.

An Absolute Roman Masterpiece: The Santa Maria Fountain in Cosmedin

Archaeologists and restorers on the lookout for pagan and Christian relics in Rome have stumbled upon an abundance of them in the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin. The Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth} is a renowned marble sculpture situated in the portico of the nearby basilica. When the Santa Maria in Cosmedin water fountain was created in 1719, it was off the beaten track and generally unknown as a result. The part of town where it was located was forlorn and bleak which generally kept visitors away. It was then that the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was commissioned by Pope Clement XI to build a water fountain in the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in an attempt to make the area more popular. The task of laying down the church’s foundation started on August 17, 1717. After blessing of the first stone, medals with the illustration of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were tossed into the foundation.

Roman Wall Fountains: Michelangelo’s Masterpieces

The 16th century saw the construction of the most ancient Roman wall fountains, the products of two reknowned Florentine sculptures, Michelangelo and Ammannati. In 1536 Michelangelo’s first fountain in the Piazza del Campidoglio in Rome, part of the façade of the Palazzo Senatorio, was displayed. Constructed some years later, a conduit from the Aqua Felice was added which brought water into the Capitol allowing a greater water display. Anticipating this, Michelangelo had added a more sizable basin styled on the late Cinquecento.

Was the famed maestro the inventor of the wall fountain? Italy’s fountains truly show the impact his designs had on the styles seen there. More examples of this sort of structure can be seen in the Fountain of the River Gods at the Villa Lante, Bagnaia 1, and the Fountain of the Mugnone which is set between flights of stairs on the central axis of the Villa Pratolino.

It seemed to be Michelangelo’s predestination to combine classic Roman attributes into his fountains instead of using his own considerable talents to design original pieces. An original wall fountain for the top of the passageway of the Belvedere in the Vatican was commissioned to the famed sculptor by Julius III (1550-1555). The fountain was to be adorned with a marble sculpture of Moses hitting a stone from which water flowed. However, an ancient figure of Cleopatra replaced the statue of Moses because the latter would take too much time build. An ancient figure was thought to be easier to erect over the fountain than the creation of a completely new statue by the famed artist.


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