Fountains: The Minoan Civilization

b-026__96292.jpg Fountains and Water and the Minoan Civilization Along with offering water, they distributed water which accumulated from deluges or waste material. The chief components used were rock or terracotta. Terracotta was employed for channels and conduits, both rectangular and circular. These incorporated cone-like and U-shaped clay piping that were distinctive to the Minoans. Terracotta pipes were put down underneath the floor surfaces at Knossos Palace and utilized to circulate water. The piping also had other uses including collecting water and channeling it to a central location for storing. This required the terracotta conduits to be suitable for holding water without losing it. Underground Water Transportation: This concealed method for water circulation could possibly have been used to supply water to certain men and women or events. Quality Water Transportation: There is also evidence which indicates the pipes being made use of to supply fountains independently of the domestic system.

The Roman Wall Fountains of Michelangelo

Two Florentine masters by the names of Michelangelo and Ammannati designed the earliest Roman wall fountains during the 16th century. In 1536 Michelangelo’s first fountain in the Piazza del Campidoglio in Rome, part of the façade of the Palazzo Senatorio, was unveiled. A conduit from the Aqua Felice was constructed later and it brought water to the Capitol making a more impressive water effect possible. Styled on the late Cinquecento, Michelangelo built a larger basin, anticipating the development of the conduit.

Was the well-known sculptor the earliest to design wall fountains? The fountain styles found in Italy certainly show the influence of his designs. The styles seen at the Fountain of the River Gods at the Villa Lante, Bagnaia 1, and the Fountain of the Mugnone, set between the flight of steps on the central axis of the Villa Pratolino, are other examples of this style.

It seemed to be Michelangelo’s predestination to combine classic Roman elements into his fountains instead of using his own tremendous talents to design original pieces. Julius III (1550-1555) decided to have a fountain built at the top of the Belvedere in the Vatican and instructed the Florentine master to design a special wall fountain. A marble statue of Moses striking a stone streaming water was to be built as embellishment for the fountain. However, an ancient figure of Cleopatra replaced the statue of Moses because the latter would take too much time create. An ancient figure was thought to be easier to install over the fountain than the construction of a completely new statue by the famed artist.

Garden Water Fountains Found in Historical Documents

The water from springs and other sources was originally provided to the citizens of nearby communities and municipalities through water fountains, whose purpose was largely practical, not aesthetic. The force of gravity was the power source of water fountains up until the conclusion of the 19th century, using the potent power of water traveling down hill from a spring or brook to push the water through spigots or other outlets. The appeal and spectacle of fountains make them perfect for historic monuments. Rough in style, the very first water fountains did not look much like modern-day fountains. The 1st known water fountain was a stone basin carved that was used as a receptacle for drinking water and ceremonial functions. Rock basins as fountains have been found from 2,000 B.C.. The force of gravity was the energy source that operated the oldest water fountains. Drinking water was delivered by public fountains, long before fountains became ornate public statues, as attractive as they are practical. Fountains with elaborate decoration began to show up in Rome in approx. 6 B.C., normally gods and wildlife, made with natural stone or copper-base alloy. Water for the community fountains of Rome was brought to the city via a complicated system of water aqueducts.


Decorative Garden Fountains And Their Use In The Minoan Civilization
Fountains and Water and the Minoan Civilization Along with delivering water, they distributed water which amassed from deluges or waste material. The principle... read more
Public Garden Fountains Found in Historical Documents
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