The Splendid Santa Maria in Cosmedin Water Fountain in Rome

Archaeologists and restorers alike have stumbled upon a wealth of pagan and Christian relics on the grounds of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth} is a recognized marble sculpture located at the entrance of the nearby basilica. Due to the fact that the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was located off the beaten track, it remained relatively unknown. It was said that there was very little to see in this area, as it was bleak and abandoned making it an unfriendly place to visit. p-675__44065.jpg It was a this time that Pope Clement XI commissioned the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri to put up a water fountain to renovate the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin. Work on the church's foundation started on on August 11, 1717. The consecration of the first stone to be placed in the foundation was followed by medals being thrown in showing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water.

The Popularity of Water Features in Japanese Landscapes

No Japanese garden is whole without a water element. The Japanese water fountain is considered symbolic of spiritual and physical purifying, so it is customarily placed in or near the doorways of temples or homes. Since water is the most essential component of any Japanese fountain, the design is normally simple.

Many people also get a water fountain that features a bamboo spout. The water flows through the bamboo spout and accumulates in the stone basin underneath. People generally make them look weathered and worn, even when they are new. Natural elements such as plants and rocks are often put in place around a fountain so that it seems more in line with nature. As you can probably guess, this fountain is symbolic rather than just decorative.

For something a bit more one-of-a-kind, start with a bed of gravel, add a stone fountain, and then embellish it artistically with live bamboo and other natural elements. The point is that over time it will start to look more and more like a natural part of the surroundings, as moss slowly grows over the stones.

If you are fortunate enough to have a big plot of open land you can create a water feature that is much more elaborate.

Popular water feature extras are a koi pond or any sort of little pool, or even a meandering brook.

Japanese fountains, however, do not actually need to have water in them. Many people prefer to represent water with sand, gravel, or rocks rather than putting in actual water. The illusion of a creek with trickling water can also be achieved by placing flat stones very closely together.

The First Fountains recorded in Human History.

As originally developed, water fountains were designed to be practical, guiding water from creeks or aqueducts to the inhabitants of towns and villages, where the water could be used for cooking, washing, and drinking. The force of gravity was the power supply of water fountains up until the conclusion of the 19th century, using the potent power of water traveling downhill from a spring or creek to push the water through valves or other outlets. Striking and spectacular, prominent water fountains have been designed as monuments in many cultures. When you see a fountain nowadays, that is definitely not what the very first water fountains looked like. Crafted for drinking water and ceremonial functions, the 1st fountains were basic carved stone basins. 2,000 BC is when the oldest identified stone fountain basins were actually used. The first civilizations that utilized fountains depended on gravity to push water through spigots. Drinking water was provided by public fountains, long before fountains became elaborate public monuments, as beautiful as they are practical. Fountains with ornamental Gods, mythological beasts, and creatures began to appear in Rome in about 6 BC, built from rock and bronze. The Romans had an intricate system of aqueducts that delivered the water for the countless fountains that were situated throughout the community.


Public Water Fountains Lost to History
Villages and communities depended on working water fountains to channel water for preparing food, washing, and cleaning from nearby sources like ponds, channels, or creeks. In the days before electricity, the spray of fountains was powered by... read more
The Virtuosity of Michelangelo’s Roman Wall Fountains
Michelangelo’s great talent was put aside because he was forced to design fountains combining classical elements and a Roman style. The Florentine maestro was commissioned by Julius III... read more
Experience the World’s Most Impressive Water Fountains
The last impressive fountain to make the list is the Jet d’Eau (1951) in Geneva, Switzerland, measuring 140 meters (460 feet). read more
Designing the Perfect Sanctuary Indoors or Outside
Make sure to include some attractive flowers and plants, as they complement any water fountain. Choose plants that keep their appeal year-round. In... read more