The Wondrous Santa Maria in Cosmedin Water Fountain in Rome

su1028_1__89565.jpg Both Christian and pagan articles have been found in large quantities by archaeologists and restorers searching the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth} is a recognized marble sculpture situated at the entrance of the nearby basilica. Due to the fact that the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was located off the beaten track, it remained mostly unknown. For the most part, visitors stayed away from the area because it was a bleak and neglected part of the city. In order to refurbish the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, Pope Clement XI commissioned an Italian architect by the name of Carlo Bizzaccheri to design a fountain for the area. The work of laying down the church’s first stones began on August 17, 1717. The first stone to be placed in the foundation was blessed and medallions bearing the illustrations of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were also tossed in.

Early Crete & The Minoans: Wall Fountains

Various different kinds of conduits have been discovered through archaeological digs on the island of Crete, the birthplace of Minoan civilization. These were utilized to provide towns and cities with water as well as to minimize flooding and remove waste material.

Many were created from terracotta or even rock. Terracotta was utilized for canals and water pipes, both rectangular and circular. Among these were clay conduits that were U-shaped or a shorter, cone-like form which have exclusively appeared in Minoan civilization. Knossos Palace had a advanced plumbing network made of clay piping which ran up to three meters below ground. These Minoan conduits were also made use of for collecting and storing water, not just circulation. Therefore, these pipelines had to be ready to: Below ground Water Transportation: Initially this particular system appears to have been fashioned not quite for ease but to offer water for certain individuals or rituals without it being noticed. Quality Water Transportation: Many historians think that these pipelines were chosen to create a different distribution system for the residence.

Where are the Planet's Most Grandiose Water Features?

The King Fahd Fountain ( crafted in 1985) in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, has the tallest continually -running fountain on the planet. It spouts out water reaching 260 meters (853 feet) above the Red Sea.

The World Cup Fountain located in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), comes in 2nd place with water jetting up 202 meters (663 feet).

Occupying third place is the Gateway Geyser (1995), situated near the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri. With water reaching 192 meters (630 feet) in the air, this fountain is the tallest in the United States.

Next is the fountain located in Karachi, Pakistan (Port Fountain) which shoots water up to 190 meters (620 feet) in height.

Number 4: Fountain Park (1970), Fountain Hills, Arizona - although it can reach heights of 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are operating, it only reaches 91 meters (300 feet) on a normal day.

The Dubai Fountain made its first appearance in 2009 close to the tallest building in the world, the Burj Khalifa. It dances to pre-recorded music every half hour and propels water to the height of 73 meters (240 feet) - it also has extreme shooters which reach 150 meters (490 feet), though these are only used on special occasions.

Constructed in 1970, the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra, Australia, comes in at number 7 shooting water up to 147 meters (482 feet).

Last of all is the Jet d’Eau (1951) in Geneva, Switzerland, which measures 140 meters (460 feet).


Wall Fountains: The Minoan Culture
Archaeological excavations in Minoan Crete in Greece have discovered several sorts of channels. In conjunction with supplying water, they spread... read more
The Minoan Civilization: Fountains
On the Greek island of Crete, excavations have discovered conduits of numerous types. In conjunction with offering water, they distributed water which amassed from storms or waste material. ... read more
The Early Civilization: Fountains
During archaeological excavations on the island of Crete, many varieties of conduits have been detected. These supplied water and extracted it, including water from waste and deluges. They were commonly made from clay or rock. Anytime clay was used, it was... read more