Santa Maria in Cosmedin: A Roman Fountain Worth Viewing

Incredible discoveries of both Christian and pagan roots have been made by archaeologists and restorers in the area of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. p-745_art__95045.jpg The nearby basilica is largely famous for the marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità, (Mouth of Truth) located in its portico. Built in 1719, the Santa Maria in Cosmedin water fountain was relatively unknown and located far from sight making it hard to visit. Due to the fact that the nearby area was gloomy and mostly abandoned, visitors were not particularly interested in visiting it. It was then that the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was instructed by Pope Clement XI to erect a fountain in the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in an attempt to make the area more popular. The task of laying down the church’s first stones started on August 17, 1717. Medals bearing the imagery of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were thrown in the foundation following the blessing of the first stone.

The First Garden Water Features recorded in Human History.

The water from springs and other sources was originally delivered to the residents of nearby communities and cities through water fountains, whose purpose was largely practical, not aesthetic. To generate water flow through a fountain until the late 1800’s, and produce a jet of water, required gravity and a water source such as a creek or lake, positioned higher than the fountain. The appeal and wonder of fountains make them perfect for historic memorials. When you see a fountain nowadays, that is certainly not what the 1st water fountains looked like. Basic stone basins created from local rock were the original fountains, used for religious purposes and drinking water. Natural stone basins are believed to have been 1st made use of around 2,000 BC. Gravity was the energy source that controlled the oldest water fountains. Drinking water was supplied by public fountains, long before fountains became ornate public statues, as pretty as they are functional. Creatures, Gods, and spectral figures dominated the initial decorative Roman fountains, starting to appear in about 6 BC. The extraordinary aqueducts of Rome provided water to the spectacular public fountains, many of which you can visit today.

The Prevalence of Water Fountains in Japanese Landscapes

You will seldom see a Japanese garden that does not include a water feature. The Japanese water fountain is considered representative of spiritual and physical cleaning, so it is typically placed in or near the doorways of temples or homes. It is uncommon to see extravagantly-designed Japanese fountains since the focus is supposed to be on the water itself.

You will also find many fountains that have spouts crafted of bamboo. The water moves through the bamboo spout and collects in the stone basin below. It must have a worn-down, weathered appearance as well. So that the fountain looks at one with nature, people customarily decorate it with natural stones, pretty flowers, and plants. As you can probably deduce, this fountain is symbolic rather than purely decorative.

If you want to get a bit more creative, try a stone fountain enhanced with live bamboo and other natural elements placed on a bed of gravel. Before long moss begins to grow over the stones and cover them, and as that happens the area begins to look more and more like a natural part of the landscape.

Larger water features can be created if there is enough open land. Lots of people put in a koi pond or a little stream as a final touch.

There are different options if you do not want to put water in your Japanese fountain. It is acceptable to use representations of water in place of real water, such as sand, rocks, or natural stones. You can also assemble flat stones and place them close enough together that they look like water in motion.


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The First Water Garden Fountains recorded in Human History.
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