A Fabulous Example of Roman Know-How: The Santa Maria in Cosmedin Fountain

Both Christian and pagan articles have been found in large quantities by archaeologists and restorers scouring the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. brk-345__75023.jpg The nearby basilica is largely famous for the marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità, (Mouth of Truth) located in its portico. When the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain was created in 1719, it was off the beaten track and mostly unknown as a result. Since the nearby area was depressing and mostly abandoned, visitors were not particularly interested in visiting it. As part of an effort to refurbish the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was commissioned by Pope Clement XI to design a fountain. The job of laying down the church’s first stones began on August 17, 1717. After blessing of the first stone, medallions with the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were thrown into the foundation.

Add the Power of Feng Shui into Your Garden

Add feng shui design to the layout of your yard so it can carry energy into your home.

As far as the size of your garden goes, it is not particularly important when introducing feng shui design to it. A huge space is great for those lucky enough to have it, but a more compact area can still be useful in feng shui design.

The same tools you employ to introduce feng shui design into your home can be used in the garden. The first task is to know the bagua, or energy map, of your home, as your garden’s bagua will be an extension of that.

It is also crucial to know the five elements in the theory of feng shui and how best to use each one to maximize its energy.

Feng shui design calls for the Earth element, for example, to be integrated into the northeastern corner of your garden, as that section connects to self-cultivation and personal improvement energy. A Zen garden with some nice natural rocks is ideal for that spot, as the rocks represent the Earth element.

A water feature is a perfect addition to the following feng shui areas: Southeast (money & abundance), East (health & family), and North (career & path in life).

Public Water Features Found in Historical Documents

Villages and villages depended on working water fountains to funnel water for cooking, washing, and cleaning from local sources like lakes, channels, or springs. To generate water flow through a fountain until the later part of the 1800’s, and produce a jet of water, demanded gravity and a water source such as a creek or reservoir, positioned higher than the fountain. Fountains all through history have been designed as memorials, impressing hometown citizens and visitors alike.

If you saw the first fountains, you would not recognize them as fountains. Simple stone basins crafted from nearby stone were the original fountains, used for spiritual ceremonies and drinking water. Pure stone basins as fountains have been found from 2,000 BC. The force of gravity was the energy source that operated the initial water fountains. Positioned near reservoirs or creeks, the practical public water fountains supplied the local population with fresh drinking water. Fountains with ornate decoration started to show up in Rome in approx. 6 B.C., commonly gods and creatures, made with natural stone or bronze. The Romans had an elaborate system of aqueducts that delivered the water for the many fountains that were located throughout the urban center.


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