Decorative Garden Fountains And Their Use In The Minoan Civilization

Fountains and Water and the Minoan Civilization Along with delivering water, they distributed water which amassed from deluges or waste material. The principle ingredients used were stone or clay. When prepared from clay, they were commonly in the form of canals and circular or rectangle-shaped conduits. There are a couple of good examples of Minoan clay piping, those with a shortened cone shape and a U-shape which haven’t been seen in any society since that time. twf034-ld__87434.jpg Clay conduits were employed to circulate water at Knossos Palace, running up to three meters below the flooring. Along with disbursing water, the terracotta conduits of the Minoans were also made use of to accumulate water and store it. This required the terracotta pipes to be capable of holding water without leaking. Subterranean Water Transportation: It’s not really known why the Minoans needed to move water without it being spotted. Quality Water Transportation: There is also evidence which concludes the pipelines being utilized to provide for fountains separately of the domestic technique.

Visit the World’s Most Impressive Fountains

Located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, the King Fahd Fountain (1985) is the tallest continually-functioning fountain worldwide. The water here jets up to a elevation of 260 meters (853 feet) above the Red Sea.

The World Cup Fountain located in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), comes in 2nd place with water shooting up 202 meters (663 feet).

Next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri, is the Gateway Geyser (1995) which reaches third place. It rockets water 192 meters (630 feet) into the air and is currently the tallest fountain in the United States.

The next on the list is Port Fountain located in Karachi, Pakistan which rockets water 190 meters (620 feet) into the heavens.

Number 4: Fountain Park (1970), Fountain Hills, Arizona - although it can reach heights of 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are in use, it only reaches 91 meters (300 feet) on a normal day.

The Dubai Fountain made its first appearance in 2009 close to the tallest building in the world, the Burj Khalifa. It performs every 1/2 hour to previously recorded music and shoots water up to 73 meters (240 feet) in height -it also has built in extreme shooters, though only used during special events, which reach 150 meters (490 feet) in height.

Making it in the top 8 is the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra (1970) which measures 147 meters (482 feet).

And at number 8, we have the the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951), measuring 140 meters (460 feet).

The Roman Water Fountains of Michelangelo

The 16th century saw the creation of the first Roman wall fountains, the works of two famed Florentine sculptures, Michelangelo and Ammannati. The earliest fountain Michelangelo made came in 1536 with the building of the Campidoglio in Rome which was to be part of the Palazzo Senatorio's façade. The building of a conduit from the Aqua Felice to the Capitol, which allowed for a more impressive water display, was included years later. Michelangelo, however, had expected this which led to addition of a larger basin styled on the forms of the late Cinquecento.

Was the reknowned sculptor the first to design wall fountains? The sculptor’s designs definitely impacted the future style of fountains in Italy. The styles seen at the Fountain of the River Gods at the Villa Lante, Bagnaia 1, and the Fountain of the Mugnone, set between the stairway on the main axis of the Villa Pratolino, are other examples of this style.

Regrettably, Michelangelo was destined to put his own brilliance aside and combine traditional elements into fountains based on Roman styles. An original wall fountain for the top of the corridor of the Belvedere in the Vatican was commissioned to the famed sculptor by Julius III (1550-1555). A marble statue of Moses striking a stone streaming water was to be built as decoration for the fountain. The idea of the Moses figure was abandoned, however, because of the time it would take to create it and was therefore replaced by an antique image of Cleopatra. A design by the well-known artist was thought to be too time-consuming, therefore, an ancient figure placed above the fountain seemed to be a better alternative.


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