Ancient Crete & The Minoans: Outdoor Fountains

Fountains and Water and the Minoan Civilization 8410-5704__39343.jpg They were used for water supply as well as removal of storm water and wastewater. Virtually all were made from clay or even stone. When prepared from terracotta, they were typically in the format of canals and circular or rectangle-shaped piping. Among these were terracotta pipes that were U-shaped or a shortened, cone-like form which have only appeared in Minoan society. Terracotta piping were employed to circulate water at Knossos Palace, running up to three meters below the floor surfaces. These Minoan pipes were also used for gathering and storing water, not just circulation. Thus, these pipes had to be effective to: Underground Water Transportation: Originally this technique appears to have been created not quite for convenience but rather to offer water to certain people or rituals without it being seen. Quality Water Transportation: Some historians feel that these conduits were used to build a separate distribution process for the palace.

Exterior Fountains Come in Many Forms and Sizes

Turn your garden into what you have always desired – a haven of serenity. Add a sense of tranquility to your garden with an exterior fountain and avail yourself of all the positive benefits of a water feature.

The stream of water sent shooting into the air by a spouting fountain is an impressive sight to see. If your pond is sufficiently big, it can be incorporated without difficulty. You may have encountered one of these in a recreation area or an old mansion.

Outdoor water features come in varied shapes and sizes, one of which is a fancy wall fountain. If you are keen on include a water feature, but are doubtful because you have a small yard, do not hesitate to incorporate one of these. Wall fountains are not flashy water features as compared to a spouting fountain.

In this straightforward process, water is ejected from a little spout, runs down a wonderfully textured wall, before being recovered at the bottom and returned to the top once again.

Dependent on the style you have chosen for the garden, you could consider a themed fountain. In a rustic themed bungalow or yard, a classical styled statue for your fountain could include cherubs holding the spout. Something unique and striking could be an option for more modern gardens. Feel free to let your hair down and pick something fun and intrepid.

The central characteristic of tiered fountains is the multiple levels spewing out water. Water flows down multiple tiers in a cascading fountain.

A significant amount of space is needed for an outdoor fountain, so another alternative is to install a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. Install one of these fountains if your space is limited since their reservoirs are hidden from sight underground.

Tranquility and well-being are a few of the chief sensations imparted by Japanese fountains. Bamboo sticks are utilized in this kind of fountain to expel the water. Water then streams into a bucket or a shaped stone, only to repeat the pattern over and over again.

An additional type of fountain is made of glass. Trellis-style fountains of this kind, feature shaped metalwork which provides a more conventional look. Water features of this type are an excellent alternative for gardens with many sharp edges as well as contemporary forms and design. A wondrous effect is produced when water flows down the sheets of glass. Some fountains also include colored LED lights to shine onto the sheets of glass as water cascades downwards. With water softly flowing down its surface, rock waterfall fountains, often made of imitation rock, are a viable solution for your garden.

In a bubbling rock fountain, a big rock is drilled with openings and then filled in the center with tubes. Low pressure is employed to spout out the water which then bubbles and gurgles at the top. Downward flowing water appears as soft trickle as it moves down the sides of the rock to go back to its base. Small gardens are ideal for this kind of fountain. This sort of fountain, which uses low pressure to move water, is perfect because it stops water from being sprayed around in breezy weather.

Solar driven fountains have become more popular recently because they run on sunlight. The reasons for this are varied, from the lack of wires and the reduced complexities to the lower power bills and the beneficial effects on our environment. The wide-ranging designs in outdoor solar-run fountains signifies you will not have to compromise on style.

The Genius of Michelangelo’s Roman Water Fountains

The 16th century saw the construction of the earliest Roman wall fountains, the works of two reknowned Florentine sculptures, Michelangelo and Ammannati. The fountain in the Piazza del Campidoglio in Rome, which was finished in 1536 and became part of the façade of the Palazzo Senatorio, was Michelangelo’s first design. A conduit from the Aqua Felice was built later and it delivered water to the Capitol making a more impressive water effect possible. Anticipating this, Michelangelo had added a more substantial basin styled on the late Cinquecento.

The question remains as to whether the famous sculptor was the first to design wall fountains. The maestro's designs definitely shaped the future style of fountains in Italy. Today, this structural style is found at the Fountain of the River Gods at the Villa Lante, Bagnaia 1, and the Fountain of the Mugnone arranged among the stairs on the primary axis of the Villa Pratolino.

Regrettably, Michelangelo was destined to put his own abilities aside and combine traditional elements into fountains based on Roman styles. Julius III (1550-1555) decided to have a fountain built at the top of the Belvedere in the Vatican and commissioned the Florentine genius to design a one-of-a-kind wall fountain. A marble figure of Moses striking a rock streaming water was to be built as decoration for the fountain. Rather than making the Moses sculpture, which would take too much time to complete, an antique figure of Cleopatra was used in its place, however. An ancient figure was thought to be simpler to install over the fountain than the construction of a completely new statue by the famed artist.


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