Typical Fountains Seen in Japanese Gardens

Japanese gardens usually have a water element. The Japanese water fountain is considered representative of spiritual and physical cleaning, so it is typically placed in or near the doorways of temples or homes. brk-335-1t__03675.jpg The design of Japanese fountains tends to be very simple because they are meant to call attention to the water itself.

You will also find many fountains that have spouts crafted of bamboo. The bamboo spout is placed over the basin, typically crafted of natural stones, and water trickles out. It should have a worn-down, weathered look as well. It is essential that the overall look of the fountain goes with the natural surroundings, so people typically place plants, rocks, and flowers around it. To the owner of the fountain, it clearly is more than just attractive decor.

For something a bit more unique, start with a bed of gravel, add a stone fountain, and then embellish it imaginatively with live bamboo and other natural elements. The idea is that over time it will start to look more and more like a natural part of the surroundings, as moss slowly grows over the stones.

More substantial water features can be created if there is enough open land. Consider adding a lovely final touch like a pond filled with koi or a tiny stream.

Water, though, does not have to be used in a Japanese fountain. Other options include stones, gravel, or sand to symbolize water. You can also assemble flat stones and position them close enough together that they look like water in motion.

The Early Society: Garden Fountains

On the Greek island of Crete, excavations have discovered channels of different types.

In combination with delivering water, they spread out water which amassed from storms or waste material. They were typically made from clay or stone. Whenever made from terracotta, they were commonly in the form of canals and spherical or rectangular pipes. Among these were terracotta piping which were U-shaped or a shorter, cone-like shape which have just showed up in Minoan civilization. Terracotta pipes were installed under the floor surfaces at Knossos Palace and used to move water. The pipes also had other functions including collecting water and channeling it to a main area for storage. These terracotta piping were used to perform: Subterranean Water Transportation: It is not quite known why the Minoans needed to transfer water without it being spotted. Quality Water Transportation: The conduits may furthermore have been utilized to move water to water fountains that were split from the city’s standard technique.

Roman Wall Fountains: Michelangelo’s Masterpieces

During the 16th century two renown Florentine artists by the names of Michelangelo and Ammannati made the first wall features in Rome. In 1536 Michelangelo’s earliest fountain in the Piazza del Campidoglio in Rome, part of the façade of the Palazzo Senatorio, was revealed. Constructed some years later, a conduit from the Aqua Felice was added which brought water into the Capitol permitting a greater water display. Expecting this, Michelangelo had added a more substantial basin styled on the late Cinquecento.

The question remains as to whether the famous maestro was the earliest to build wall fountains. The maestro's designs truly shaped the future style of fountains in Italy. The Fountain of the River Gods at the Villa Lante, Bagnaia 1, and the Fountain of the Mugnone set between flights of stairs on the main axis of the Villa Pratolino are further illustrations of this type of structure.

Rather than designing fountains based on his own genius, Michelangelo was doomed to integrating traditional elements into Roman-styled structures. Julius III (1550-1555) decided to have a fountain erected at the top of the Belvedere in the Vatican and instructed the Florentine artist to design a special wall fountain. The famed artist was commissioned to design a marble figure of Moses striking a stone from which water streamed forth. However, an ancient figure of Cleopatra replaced the statue of Moses because the latter would take too much time build. An ancient figure was thought to be simpler to install over the fountain than the creation of a completely new statue by the famed artist.


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