The Marvelous Santa Maria in Cosmedin Fountain in Rome

150820_11201_gf_820_11201r__78192.jpg Archaeologists and restorers alike have stumbled upon a wealth of pagan and Christian artifacts on the grounds of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth} is a famed marble sculpture located in the portico of the nearby basilica. Due to the fact that the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was situated off the beaten track, it remained relatively unknown. It was said that there was very little to see in this area because it was abject and abandoned making it an unfriendly place to visit. It was a this time that Pope Clement XI mandated the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri to put up a water fountain to refurbish the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin. August 11, 1717 saw the beginning of the task to put down the foundation of the church. The consecration of the first rock to be placed in the foundation was followed by medals being thrown in bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water.

Garden Fountains Found in Historical Documents

The water from rivers and other sources was initially delivered to the occupants of nearby communities and municipalities through water fountains, whose purpose was largely practical, not aesthetic.

Gravity was the power source of water fountains up until the close of the 19th century, using the potent power of water traveling down hill from a spring or brook to force the water through spigots or other outlets. Commonly used as memorials and commemorative edifices, water fountains have influenced men and women from all over the globe throughout the ages. Simple in design, the very first water fountains didn't appear much like present fountains. The 1st accepted water fountain was a natural stone basin created that was used as a container for drinking water and ceremonial functions. Natural stone basins as fountains have been found from 2,000 B.C.. Gravity was the energy source that operated the initial water fountains. These historic fountains were designed to be functional, often situated along reservoirs, streams and rivers to supply drinking water. The people of Rome began building elaborate fountains in 6 BC, most of which were metallic or natural stone masks of animals and mythological representations. A well-engineered collection of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public water fountains supplied with fresh water.

Explore the World’s Tallest Water Fountains

Referred to as the King Fahd Fountain (1985) found in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, it is the highest continuously functioning fountain in the world. Reaching incredible heights above the Red Sea, this fountain propels water 260 meters (853 feet) in the sky.

The Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), comes in 2nd with water levels of 202 meters (663 feet).

The Gateway Geyser (1995) found next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri is number three on the list. It propels water 192 meters (630 feet) into the air and is currently the tallest fountain in the United States.

Next is Port Fountain (2006) in Karachi, Pakistan, where the water jets 190 meters (620 feet) high.

Fountain Park in Fountain Hills, Arizona is number 4: it can jet water 171 meters (561 feet) high when the three pumps function at full capacity, it is usually limited to 91 meters (300 feet).

The Dubai Fountain made its first appearance in 2009 next to the tallest building in the world, the Burj Khalifa. The fountain shoots water up to 73 meters (240 feet) and performs once every half hour to pre-recorded music - and even has extreme shooters, not used in every show, which reach up to 150 meters (490 feet).

Constructed in 1970, the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra, Australia, comes in at #7 shooting water up to 147 meters (482 feet).

Lastly is the Jet d’Eau (1951) in Geneva, Switzerland, which measures 140 meters (460 feet).


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