The Early Civilization: Garden Fountains

A variety of types of conduits have been found through archaeological excavations on the isle of Crete, the birthplace of Minoan society. In combination with offering water, they distributed water which gathered from deluges or waste material. The main materials utilized were rock or clay. b-033__22864.jpg Whenever terracotta was employed, it was normally for channels as well as conduits which came in rectangular or circular shapes. The cone-like and U-shaped terracotta conduits which were found haven’t been found in any other culture. Terracotta conduits were utilized to circulate water at Knossos Palace, running up to three meters under the floors. The pipelines also had other applications including gathering water and directing it to a central location for storage. Thus, these piping had to be effective to: Underground Water Transportation: the hidden method for water movement could have been made use of to supply water to particular men and women or events. Quality Water Transportation: There is also data which indicates the pipelines being utilized to supply water features independently from the domestic strategy.

Water Features Found in Historical Documents

Villages and communities relied on practical water fountains to funnel water for preparing food, washing, and cleaning up from local sources like lakes, streams, or creeks. A source of water higher in elevation than the fountain was necessary to pressurize the movement and send water spraying from the fountain's nozzle, a technology without equal until the late 19th century. Striking and spectacular, big water fountains have been constructed as memorials in many cultures. When you encounter a fountain at present, that is certainly not what the 1st water fountains looked like. The very first recognized water fountain was a rock basin carved that served as a receptacle for drinking water and ceremonial purposes.

Natural stone basins as fountains have been uncovered from 2000 BC. The force of gravity was the power source that operated the initial water fountains. Positioned near reservoirs or creeks, the functional public water fountains furnished the local residents with fresh drinking water. Fountains with ornamental Gods, mythological beasts, and creatures began to show up in Rome in about 6 BC, built from natural stone and bronze. Water for the open fountains of Rome was brought to the city via a intricate system of water aqueducts.

Where are the Planet's Most Grandiose Water Displays?

Located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, the King Fahd Fountain (1985) is the tallest continually-functioning fountain in the world. It propels water reaching 260 meters (853 feet) above the Red Sea.

The Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), comes in 2nd with water levels of 202 meters (663 feet).

Next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri, is the Gateway Geyser (1995) which reaches third place. With water reaching 192 meters (630 feet) in the air, this fountain is the tallest in the United States.

With water jetting 190 meters (620 feet) in the air, the Port Fountain in Karachi, Pakistan makes it on the list.

Number 4: On a typical day the water is limited to 91 meters (300 feet) at the Fountain Park feature in Fountain Hills, Arizona, but it is capable of pushing water up to 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are functioning.

The Dubai Fountain opened in 2009 next to Burj Khalifa - the world's highest building. It performs every 1/2 hour to previously recorded songs and shoots water up to 73 meters (240 feet) in height -it also has built in extreme shooters, though only used during special events, which reach 150 meters (490 feet) in height.

Built in 1970, the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra, Australia, comes in at number 7 shooting water up to 147 meters (482 feet).

And finally comes the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951) which measures 140 meters (460 feet) in height.


The Minoan Culture: Fountains
Fountains and Water and the Minoan Civilization They not solely helped with the water supply, they removed rainwater and wastewater as well. Rock and clay were the elements of choice for these... read more
The Biggest Water Features Around the World
And at number 8, we have the the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951), measuring 140 meters (460 feet). read more
The Purpose of Water Features in Japanese Gardens
However, water does not have to be an element in a Japanese water fountain. Good options include stones, gravel, or sand to represent water. Natural rocks that are smooth and laid out tightly together can be used to ... read more
A Genuine Roman Wonder: The Santa Maria Fountain in Cosmedin
Archaeologists and restorers on the lookout for pagan and Christian relics in Rome have stumbled upon a wealth of them in the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin. The famed marble sculpture called the... read more