Visit the World’s Most Impressive Water Features

Referred to as the King Fahd Fountain (1985) located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, it is the highest continuously operating fountain in the world. b-026__96292.jpg Reaching incredible heights above the Red Sea, this fountain propels water 260 meters (853 feet) in the sky.

Reaching water levels of 202 meters (663 feet), the World Cup Fountain in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), is recognized as the second highest worldwide.

Next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri, is the Gateway Geyser (1995) which comes in third place. Regarded as the tallest fountain in the United States, it propels water 192 meters (630 feet) into the sky.

The next on the list is Port Fountain located in Karachi, Pakistan which shoots water 190 meters (620 feet) into the sky.

Number 4: On a typical day the water is limited to 91 meters (300 feet) at the Fountain Park feature in Fountain Hills, Arizona, but it is capable of propelling water up to 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are working.

The Dubai Fountain, opened to the public in 2009, is located next to the Burj Khalifa, the world’s tallest building. It performs every 1/2 hour to previously recorded songs and propels water up to 73 meters (240 feet) in height -it also has built in extreme shooters, though only used during special events, which reach 150 meters (490 feet) in height.

Propelling water up to 147 meters (482 feet) high, the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet (1970) in Canberra, Australia, comes in 7th.

The last impressive fountain to make the list is the Jet d’Eau (1951) in Geneva, Switzerland, measuring 140 meters (460 feet).

The First Outdoor Water Features recorded in Human History.

The water from rivers and other sources was originally delivered to the citizens of nearby towns and municipalities by way of water fountains, whose design was largely practical, not aesthetic.

In the days before electricity, the spray of fountains was driven by gravity exclusively, usually using an aqueduct or water resource located far away in the surrounding hills. Striking and spectacular, large water fountains have been constructed as memorials in many cultures. If you saw the first fountains, you probably would not identify them as fountains. Uncomplicated stone basins crafted from nearby stone were the first fountains, used for religious functions and drinking water. Natural stone basins as fountains have been found from 2000 B.C.. Gravity was the energy source that controlled the earliest water fountains. Drinking water was supplied by public fountains, long before fountains became decorative public monuments, as striking as they are practical. The people of Rome began constructing ornate fountains in 6 BC, most of which were metallic or stone masks of animals and mythological characters. A well-designed system of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public fountains supplied with fresh water.

Santa Maria in Cosmedin: A Roman Water Fountain Worthy of Viewing

Archaeologists and restorers on the lookout for pagan and Christian artifacts in Rome have come across a wealth of them in the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin. The famed marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth) is located in the portico of the basilica nearby. The location of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was not in a well-known area and was, therefore, not frequently visited. For the most part, visitors stayed away from the area because it was a drab and neglected part of the city. In order to modernize the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, Pope Clement XI commissioned an Italian architect by the name of Carlo Bizzaccheri to create a water fountain for the area. Work on the church's infrastructure began on on August 11, 1717. Medals bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were thrown in the foundation following the blessing of the first stone.


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