Water Features: The Minoan Civilization

p-566-p-567__26713.jpg Fountains and Water and the Minoan Civilization They not only helped with the water sources, they eliminated rainwater and wastewater as well. Stone and clay were the substances of choice for these channels. When manufactured from clay, they were typically in the shape of canals and circular or rectangular conduits. There are a couple of good examples of Minoan clay conduits, those with a shortened cone shape and a U-shape which haven’t been seen in any culture ever since. Clay pipes were employed to circulate water at Knossos Palace, running up to three meters below the floors. These Minoan conduits were also used for amassing and stocking water, not just distribution. This called for the clay pipes to be capable of holding water without leaking. Underground Water Transportation: This particular system’s hidden nature might suggest that it was originally planned for some kind of ritual or to distribute water to restricted communities. Quality Water Transportation: There’s also data that concludes the pipelines being made use of to feed water features separately from the local scheme.

The Biggest Fountains Around the World

Located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, the King Fahd Fountain (1985) is the tallest continually-functioning fountain in the world. It spouts out water reaching 260 meters (853 feet) above the Red Sea.

Reaching water heights of 202 meters (663 feet), the World Cup Fountain in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), is recognized as the second highest worldwide.

The Gateway Geyser (1995) situated next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri is #3 on the list. Considered the highest fountain in the United States, it propels water 192 meters (630 feet) into the sky.

With water jetting 190 meters (620 feet) in the air, the Port Fountain in Karachi, Pakistan makes it on the list.

Number 4 is Water at Fountain Park (1970) situated in Fountain Hills, Arizona - it can reach up to 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are working, even though it normally only hits up to 91 meters (300 feet).

The Dubai Fountain made its first appearance in 2009 close to the tallest building in the world, the Burj Khalifa. It performs every 1/2 hour to previously recorded songs and propels water up to 73 meters (240 feet) in height -it also has built in extreme shooters, though only used during special events, which reach 150 meters (490 feet) in height.

Built in 1970, the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra, Australia, comes in at #7 shooting water up to 147 meters (482 feet).

And at #8, we have the the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951), measuring 140 meters (460 feet).

The First Outdoor Garden Fountains

Water fountains were initially practical in function, used to convey water from rivers or springs to cities and hamlets, providing the residents with fresh water to drink, bathe, and cook with. In the years before electrical power, the spray of fountains was driven by gravity only, commonly using an aqueduct or water supply located far away in the nearby mountains. The appeal and spectacle of fountains make them ideal for historic memorials. Rough in design, the very first water fountains did not appear much like present fountains. A natural stone basin, carved from rock, was the very first fountain, used for containing water for drinking and spiritual functions. Pure stone basins as fountains have been found from 2000 BC. Gravity was the energy source that controlled the initial water fountains. Situated near aqueducts or springs, the functional public water fountains supplied the local populace with fresh drinking water. Fountains with ornamental Gods, mythological beasts, and creatures began to show up in Rome in about 6 BC, made from stone and bronze. The extraordinary aqueducts of Rome supplied water to the incredible public fountains, many of which you can travel to today.


The Minoan Society: Fountains
On the Greek island of Crete, digs have discovered channels of several varieties. Along with supplying water, they distributed water that gathered from storms or waste. Rock and clay were the materials of choice for these channels. There... read more
The Importance of Fountains in Japanese Landscapes
However, water does not need to be an addition in a Japanese water fountain. It is acceptable to use representations of water in place of real water, such as sand, rocks, or natural stones. The impression of a creek with running... read more
Typical Fountains Found in Japanese Landscapes
There are different alternatives if you do not want to put water in your Japanese fountain. It is okay to use representations of water in lieu of real water, such as sand, rocks, or natural stones. Natural rocks that are smooth and laid out tightly... read more
A Magnificent Example of Roman Expertise: The Santa Maria in Cosmedin Fountain
Both Christian and pagan articles have been found in by the load by archaeologists and restorers searching the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. Situated in the portico of the nearby basilica one can see the celebrated marble sculpture known as... read more