Roman Water Fountains: Michelangelo’s Chef d'Oeuvre

During the 16th century two renown Florentine sculptors by the names of Michelangelo and Ammannati designed the first wall fountains in Rome. Michelangelo’s first fountain was revealed in 1536 in the Piazza del Campidoglio in Rome and makes up part of the facade of the Palazzo Senatorio. Built some years later, a conduit from the Aqua Felice was added which brought water into the Capitol allowing a greater water display. Michelangelo, however, had anticipated this which led to use of a larger basin styled on the forms of the late Cinquecento. p_422a__32236.jpg

Was the reknowned sculptor the first to design wall fountains? Italy’s fountains truly show the impact his designs had on the styles seen there. More examples of this sort of structure can be seen in the Fountain of the River Gods at the Villa Lante, Bagnaia 1, and the Fountain of the Mugnone which is set between flights of stairs on the central axis of the Villa Pratolino.

Michelangelo’s unique talent was put aside because he was forced to design fountains uniting classical elements and a Roman style. The Florentine maestro was commissioned by Julius III (1550-1555) to design a one-of-a-kind fountain to be placed at the top of the passage of the Belvedere in the Vatican. The fountain was to be decorated with a marble figure of Moses hitting a stone from which water flowed. However, an ancient sculpture of Cleopatra replaced the statue of Moses because the latter would take too much time make. It was considered easier to use a classic piece of art above the fountain rather than have the eminent artist design a totally new figure.

Exterior Water Features Come in Lots of Shapes and Sizes

Turn your garden into what you have always wished for – an oasis of serenity. You can benefit from a water feature by incorporating an outdoor fountain to your property and creating a place of serenity.

Sending a stream of water shooting into the air, spouting fountains leave a dazzling impression. Large, existing ponds can have one of these built-in without much difficulty. You can find these in public parks or old mansions.

Wall fountains are an great illustration of outdoor wall features. These types of fountains make excellent water features even if you only have a small garden.

While spouting fountains leave behind an impressive effect, wall fountains are more understated water features. In a very straightforward procedure, the water flows out of a spout, trickles down a beautifully textured wall only to be pumped back to the top.

Dependent on the style you have chosen for the garden, you could think about a themed fountain. Consider a classic type of statue, such as a cherub supporting a spout, for the fountain if your residence or garden is rustic in style. Consider installing something bolder and distinctive for a modern-day garden. Just allow your creativity to run loose.

The primary quality of a multi-tiered fountain is that water streams from a number of different levels. Water flowing down multiple levels of this water feature is the primary attribute of a cascading fountain.

Due to the fact that outdoor fountains can take up a lot of space, fit in a wall fountain or a pondless fountain if the space you have is minimal. The reservoirs needed for these kinds of water features are buried underground which helps you better use your limited space.

Include a Japanese fountain if you are looking for a sense of relaxation. Bamboo sticks serve as the tubing from which water flows in these kinds of water features. Water then flows into a container or a shaped stone, only to repeat the pattern over and over again.

One of the many designs of fountain available is the glass fountain. Producing a more classical appearance are trellis-style fountains which feature shaped metalwork. Gardens with many sharp edges as well as modern forms and designs are better for these types of water features. The flowing water produces a beautiful effect as it moves down the glass panels. Colored LED lights are also included in some fountains to illuminate the water as it down down the sheet of glass. A rock waterfall fountain (often made of imitation rock) shows off water slowly flowing down its façade.

The feature which distinguishes a bubbling rock fountain is a large rock drilled with holes where pipes can be inserted into its middle. The gurgles and bubbles at the top are the product of the low pressure used to trigger the water upwards. The water comes back gently trickling down the sides of the rock to reach its starting point. This sort of fountain is ideally suitable for small gardens. The low pressure used in this sort of fountain inhibits water from being splashed about in case of a windy day.

Solar fountains have recently gained in appeal because they are powered by the sun. The lack of cables, the decreased difficulty in dealing with them, the lower energy bills, and the benefits to our ecosystem are just some of the motives for this increased interest. The wide-ranging designs in outdoor solar-run fountains means you will not have to compromise on style.

Public Water Features Lost to History

The water from springs and other sources was originally supplied to the occupants of nearby towns and cities via water fountains, whose purpose was primarily practical, not artistic. A source of water higher in elevation than the fountain was required to pressurize the flow and send water squirting from the fountain's spout, a system without equal until the later part of the 19th century. Fountains throughout history have been created as memorials, impressing hometown citizens and tourists alike. Simple in design, the very first water fountains didn't appear much like modern fountains. Simple stone basins sculpted from nearby rock were the first fountains, used for religious ceremonies and drinking water. 2000 BC is when the earliest identified stone fountain basins were actually used. Gravity was the power source that operated the earliest water fountains. Drinking water was supplied by public fountains, long before fountains became ornate public monuments, as attractive as they are functional. Fountains with ornate decoration began to show up in Rome in about 6 B.C., normally gods and wildlife, made with natural stone or bronze. A well-designed system of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public water fountains supplied with fresh water.


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