The Earliest Water Features

As originally conceived, fountains were crafted to be practical, directing water from streams or reservoirs to the citizens of towns and villages, where the water could be used for cooking, washing, and drinking. 6813-6804__83183.jpg A source of water higher in elevation than the fountain was necessary to pressurize the flow and send water squirting from the fountain's spout, a technology without equal until the late nineteenth century. Fountains spanning history have been designed as monuments, impressing local citizens and tourists alike. When you see a fountain nowadays, that is definitely not what the 1st water fountains looked like. The 1st accepted water fountain was a rock basin carved that served as a container for drinking water and ceremonial functions. The earliest stone basins are presumed to be from around 2000 B.C.. The first fountains used in ancient civilizations depended on gravity to control the circulation of water through the fountain. Drinking water was provided by public fountains, long before fountains became ornate public monuments, as attractive as they are practical. Fountains with ornamental Gods, mythological monsters, and creatures began to show up in Rome in about 6 BC, crafted from stone and bronze. Water for the community fountains of Rome arrived to the city via a complicated system of water aqueducts.

Common Water Elements Seen in Japanese Landscapes

No Japanese garden is finished without a water element. They tend to be put right at the entrance of Japanese temples and homes because they are regarded as being representative of spiritual and physical cleansing.

It is uncommon to see extravagantly-designed Japanese fountains since the focus is supposed to be on the water itself.

You will also find many fountains that have spouts made of bamboo. The basin, which tends to be built of stones, receives the water as it trickles down from the bamboo spout. In addition, it is important to the overall look that it appear as if it has been outside for a long time. So that the fountain seems at one with nature, people normally enhance it with natural stones, pretty flowers, and plants. Clearly this fountain is much more than just a pretty add-on.

If you want to get a bit more artistic, try a stone fountain enhanced with live bamboo and other natural elements placed on a bed of gravel. In time, as moss gradually covers the stones, it becomes even more natural-looking.

Wherever there is plenty of open space, you have the option to build a more extensive water feature. Lots of people include a koi pond or a tiny stream as a final touch.

Water, nevertheless, does not have to be used in a Japanese fountain. Potential options include stones, gravel, or sand to represent water. In addition, flat rocks can be laid out close enough together to create the illusion of a rippling brook.

A True Roman Masterpiece: The Santa Maria Water Fountain in Cosmedin

Amazing discoveries of both Christian and pagan roots have been made by archaeologists and restorers in the area around Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. Located in the portico of the nearby basilica one can find the famous marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth). Built in 1719, the Santa Maria in Cosmedin water fountain was not well known and situated far from sight making it difficult to visit. It was said that there was very little to see in this area because it was bleak and abandoned making it an unfriendly place to visit. In order to refurbish the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, Pope Clement XI commissioned an Italian architect by the name of Carlo Bizzaccheri to create a water fountain for the area. The job of laying down the church’s first stones began on August 17, 1717. Medallions bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were thrown in the foundation following the blessing of the first rock.


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