A Concise History of Water Features

As initially conceived, fountains were designed to be practical, guiding water from streams or reservoirs to the inhabitants of towns and settlements, where the water could be used for cooking, cleaning, and drinking. In the days before electricity, the spray of fountains was driven by gravity only, usually using an aqueduct or water resource located far away in the nearby mountains. Fountains all through history have been designed as memorials, impressing local citizens and tourists alike. Crude in style, the 1st water fountains did not appear much like modern fountains. Crafted for drinking water and ceremonial functions, the initial fountains were simple carved stone basins. s_250_on_pd_151__02463.jpg Stone basins are theorized to have been first made use of around 2,000 BC. Gravity was the power source that operated the earliest water fountains. The location of the fountains was determined by the water source, which is why you’ll commonly find them along reservoirs, waterways, or streams. Fountains with flowery decoration started to show up in Rome in about 6 BC, normally gods and wildlife, made with stone or bronze. A well-engineered collection of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public water fountains supplied with fresh water.

Fountains: A Necessity in any Japanese Gardens

Japanese gardens usually include a water element. You will often notice Japanese water fountains in the doorway of a temple or home due to the fact that they are thought to be symbolic of physical and spiritual cleansing. The design of Japanese fountains tends to be very simplistic because they are meant to draw attention to the water itself.

Bamboo is a popular material to use for spouts and therefore often added into water fountains. The water moves through the bamboo spout and accumulates in the stone basin below. People generally make them appear weathered and worn, even when they are new. Natural elements such as plants and rocks are commonly put in place around a fountain so that it seems more connected with nature. Needless to say, this fountain is something more than just a regular decoration.

For something a bit more one-of-a-kind, start with a bed of gravel, add a stone fountain, and then decorate it creatively with live bamboo and other natural elements. In time, as moss slowly covers the rocks, it becomes even more natural-looking.

Wherever there is plenty of open space, you have the option to build a more extensive water feature. Give some thought to adding a lovely final touch like a pond filled with koi or a tiny stream.

There are alternative alternatives if you do not want to put water in your Japanese fountain. Potential options include stones, gravel, or sand to symbolize water. Natural rocks that are flat and laid out tightly together can be used to produce the illusion of running water.

The Wondrous Santa Maria in Cosmedin Water Fountain in Rome

Both Christian and pagan relics have been found in large quantities by archaeologists and restorers searching the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The nearby basilica is mainly famous for the marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità, (Mouth of Truth) located in its portico. Due to the fact that the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was situated off the beaten track, it remained relatively unknown. The part of town where it was located was depressing and uninviting which generally kept visitors away. It was a this time that Pope Clement XI commissioned the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri to put up a fountain to renovate the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin. Work on the church's infrastructure started on on August 11, 1717. Medals bearing the imagery of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were thrown in the foundation following the consecration of the first stone.


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